Clan Graham of Scotland; Lord Graham 1458; Earl of Montrose 1504; Marquess of Montrose 1614; Duke of Montrose 1707. Descended from the Norman lords of the Manor of Gregham, or Greyhome in England, and went to Scotland, when Sir William de Graham accompanied King David I to claim his throne. The family later acquired lands around Dalkeith in Midlothian, and then the lands around Auchterarder which were to become their principal seat. Sir John de Graham fought alongside Sir William Wallace and was killed at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298, he was buried at Falkirk Old Parish Church. Patrick Graham of Kincardine was created Lord Graham in 1451, and in 1504 they were created Earls of Montrose, the first earl being killed at the Battle of Flodden in 1513. James. 5th Earl and 1st Marquess of Montrose (1612-1650), signed the National Covenant against the religious policies of Charles I and fought with the Covenanters until 1639. During the Civil War, he raised a regiment and fought for the king. He was defeated by David Leslie at Philiphaugh in 1645 and went into exile, returning with a small force in the Orkneys in 1650, and was defeated at Invercharron and hanged at Whitehall. After the Restoration, his remains were exhumed and he was given a state funeral in Scotland. James Graham, 4th Marquess of Montrose was created Duke of Montrose in 1707.
Arms: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, or, on a chief sable, three escallops or (Graham); 2nd and 3rd, argent, three roses gules (Montrose.)
Crest: A falcon proper, beaked and armed or, killing a stork argent, armed gules.
Motto: Ne oublie (Do not forget).