Clan Dunbar of Dunbar, Scotland; descended from Gospatrick, Earl of Northumberland, who received the lands of Dunbar from King Malcolm III, c. 1090; his son Patrick was created 1st Earl of Dunbar, and his grandson, Patrick, 3rd earl, married Ada, daughter of King William the Lion in 1184 and was created Justiciar of Lothian. His son Patrick, 4th earl, was slain at Damietta in Egypt during the Crusade of 1248. His son, Patrick "Black Beard" 5th Earl of Dunbar was a contender for the Crown of Scotland in 1291 through his grandmother, Ada, He supported Balliol but was forced to surrender Dunbar Castle in April 1296. His grandson Patrick, 7th earl, sheltered Edward II of England at Dunbar after his flight from the field at Bannockburn in 1314. He later submitted to Robert the Bruce and was made Governor of Berwick. In 1327 he was defeated by Edward III of England and William Montague, 7th Earl of Salisbury. Dunbar’s wife, “Black Agnes” held the castle at Berwick until the siege was aborted. The 10th earl fought at the Battle of Otterburn in 1388. His son, George, 11th and last earl succeeded his father in 1420, but due to his wealth and power which was considered a threat to the Crown, he was attainted on false charges of treason by King James I of Scotland, the estates and title were forfeited to the Crown. He died in England in 1455. The main branches of Dunbar are, Mochrum, Northfield, Hempriggs, Durn and Both.
Arms: Gules, a lion rampant argent, armed and langued azure, within a bordure of the second charged with eight roses of the first, barbed and seeded vert.
Crest: A horse’s head argent, bridled and reined gules.
Motto: In promptu (In readiness).