Clan Carmichael and the Earl of Hyndford, of that Ilk and Hyndford in Lanarkshire, Scotland. Settled at Carmichael in the 13th century, the first of the clan to be mentioned was Robert de Carmichael in a charter of Dryburgh Abbey in 1226. In 1374, Sir John de Carmichael received a charter of the lands of Carmichael from William, Earl of Douglas, and their lands became a barony in 1414, which included the parishes of Carmichael, Pettinain and Carluke. Sir John de Carmichael of Meadowflat, later of Carmichael, fought in France against the English, and at the Battle of Beauge, 22nd March 1421, he unseated King Henry V’s brother, the Duke of Clarence, breaking his lance, which led to the Carmichael crest having the broken lance. Sir John’s daughter, Catherine was mistress of King James V of Scotland and bore him a son. Peter Carmichael of Balmedie was one of the assassins of Cardinal Beaton at St. Andrews in 1546, and was imprisoned but later escaped. Sir James Carmichael, first Lord Carmichael was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1627 and raised to the peerage in 1647. His son, William, married Grizel, daughter of the Marquess of Douglas, and their son, John, succeeded his grandfather as second Lord Carmichael. In 1701 he was created Earl of Hyndford, Viscount Inglisberry and Nemphlar, and Lord Carmichael of Carmichael. Of the first Lord Carmichael’s four sons, William and Sir Daniel fought in the Parliamentarian Army during the Civil War, while Sir James and Captain John Carmichael fought for the Crown, the latter being killed at Marston Moor in 1644 where he fought against his elder brothers. The third earl was a supporter of George I and II.
Arms: Argent, a fesse wreathed azure and gules.
Crest: A dexter hand and arm in armour erect holding a broken lance proper.
Motto: Tout jour prest (Always ready)