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Glossary of Heraldic Terms


ACCOLED ,collared.
ACORNED, an oak-tree,fructed.
ADDORSED, ADOSSED, or ADOSÉE, two animals, birds, fish, &c., placed back to back.
AFFRONTÉE, full-faced; it is often used in the same sense asgardant.
ALLERION, aneagle,displayed, withoutbeakor feet.
ANNULET, a ring.
ANTELOPE, an animal of the deer kind, with two straight taper horns.
with the body of the stag, tail of aunicorn, tusk at tip of nose, tufts down back part of neck, and on bis tail, chest and thighs.
APAUMÉE, front view of thehand.
ARGENT, silver, or white; when engraved, left plain.
ARM, or CUBITARM, unless otherwise described, is always from the elbow.
ARM,EMBOWED, issuing from the shoulder.ARMEMBOWEDANDCOUPED, always resting on the elbow.
ARMED, when the horns, claws, or teeth of any beast, and thebeakor talons of any bird, are in colour different from the body, it is said to bearmedof the colour.
ASSURGENT,risingout of the sea.
ASTROID, a smallstar.
ASTROLABE, an instrument for taking the altitude of the sun orstars.
ATTIRED,HORNED, used when speaking of the hors, of a stag, hart, or buck.
ATTIRES, horns of a stag.
AURE, drops of gold.
AYLET, sea-swallow orCornish chough.
AZURE, blue; when engraved, horizontal lines.

BAND , the fillet, or bandage, by which agarb, arrows, &c., are bound.
BANDED, when thebandof a grab, &c., is of a colour different from thegarbitself, it is said to bebanded, and the colour described.
BAR, a diminutive of the fesse. BAR-GEMELLE, a doublebar, or twobarsplaced near and parallel to each other.
BARBED, the five green leaves on the outside of a full-blownroseare the barbs.
BARBED-ARROW, an arrow with head pointed and jagged.
BARBED-HORSE, ahorse,barbedat all points; a war-horse, completely accoutred.
BARNACLE, a water-fowl resembling a goose.
BARRULET, a diminutive of thebar--one fourth.
BARRULY, divided into several equal parts,fesseways.
BARRY, a transverse division into several equal parts,fessways, of two or moretincturesinterchangeably disposed; the number of divisions are always specified asbarryof six, eight, ten, twelve.
BASILISK, an imaginary animal like awyvern, with the head of adragonat the end of its tail.
BAT, alwaysdisplayed.
BATON, a staff ortruncheon.
BATTLE-AXE, an ancient warlike weapon.
BATTLED, in form of abattlement.
BATTLED,EMBATTLED, onebattlementupon another.
BATTLEMENT, upper works of acastleor tower.
BEACON, afire-beacon, used as a signal.
BEAK, the bill of a bird; in birds of prey, termedarms.
BELLED, when a hawk orfalconhas bells attached to its legs.
BEND, one of the nine ordinaries; it occupies one-third part of the field or crest, and is drawn diagonally from thedexterchief to thesinisterbase.
BENDLET, a diminutive of thebend, one-half of its breadth. SeePerBend.
BENDWAYS, obliquely, or inbend.
BENDY, divided into an equal number of pieces in a slanting direction fromdextertosinister.
BEZANT, a round flat piece of metal representing money.
BEZANTÉE, strewed withbezants.
BILLETS, oblong square figures.
BILLETTE,BILLETTÉE, strewed withbillets.
BLADED, when the stalk or blade of grain is of atincturedifferent from the ear or fruit; thus, an ear of wheat, or,bladed,vert.
BLAZING STARorCOMET, is represented with an illuminated tail streaming from it.
BLOODHOUND, like thetalbot, and generally drawn or scent.
BOAR, always the wildboar.
BOAT, various kinds are used.
BOOK, always the Bible.
BOUGET. SeeWater-Bouget.
BRISTLED, the hair on the neck and back of theboar.
BROAD-ARROWdiffers from thepheonby having the inside of the barbs plain.
BUCKLES, are borne of various forms, oval, round,lozengy, and masculy.
BUGLE-HORNSare generallystringedand garnished, or varuled; when unstrung they are always described so.
BURGANET, or BURGONET, asteel caporhelmet, anciently worn by infantry.
BUSH, or BRUSH, the tail of a fox.
BUSTARD, a kind of wild turkey, of a brownish colour.

CABLE , a rope, affixed to an anchor.
CABOSSED, a head, full-faced, no part of the neck visible.
CADUCEUS, or MERCURY'SMACE, a slender staff,entwinedby two serpents, heads meeting at top, and tails at base or handle.
CALTRAPS, orGALTRAPS, an instrument anciently used in war to wound thehorses'feet, having four points, and, when placed on the ground, one point was alwayserect.
CANNET, a duck withoutbeakor feet, with larger and more curvating neck than themartlet, and unlike theallerion, by having its head in profile. CAP OF DIGNITY OR MAINTENANCE, or crimson velvet, turned up withermine, with two points turned to the back; also called achapeau, and borne bysomefamilies under the crest, instead of thewreath.
CAPARISONED, ahorsecompletedlyarmed.
CARTOUCHE, an oval shield.
CARBUNCLE, orESCARBUNCLE, a gem, or precious stone.
CASQUE, ahelmet.
CASTLEShave always two towers, joined by an intervening wall; when the cement is different in colour from the stones, it is said to bemasonedof that particular colour.
CAR, generally understood to be the wild ormountain cat, and is alwaysgardant.
CATHERINE-WHEEL, that on which St.Catherine is supposed to have suffered martyrdom.
CENTAUR, orSAGITTARIUS, fabled, half-man, half-horse.
CHALICE, a communioncup.
CHAPEAU, a cap, hat, or bonnet. See Cap of Dignity.
CHAPLET, a garland, orwreathof flowers, laurel, olive, oak, &c.
CHAPLET OF ROSES, composed of fourrosesonly, the other part of leaves.
CHECKY, CHEQUY, a field, &c., divided into equal parts or squares, of differenttinctures.
CHERUB, a child's head between two wings.
CHESS-ROOK, used in the game of chess.
CHEVALIER, a knight on horseback, completelyarmed.
CHEVERON, CHEVRON, resembling two rafters, meeting at top.
CINQUEFOIL, five-leaved grass, with the leaves issuing from a ball or ccentre-point.
CIVIC CROWN, among the Romans, was a garland of oak-leaves and acorns.
CLARION, a shrill trumpet.
CLENCHED, thehandclosed.
CLOSE, a bird, addicted to flight, isclosewhen two wings are keptcloseto the body;close, ahelmet, with the vizor down.
COCKATRICE, fabled, differs from thewyvern, beingcombed,wattled, and spurred like the dunghill-cock.
COCK, generally represented crowing.
COLLARED, orGORGED, when a collar,coronet, &c., is round the neck of any animal.
COLUMNS, generally of the Doric order.
COMBATANT, twolions, fronting each other.
COMBED, when the comb or crest is of a colour different from the body.
COMET, ablazing star, streaming light.
COMPLEMENT, applied to the moon, to denote her being full.
COMPONÉE, orCOMPONY, squares formed by two different colours.
CONEY, or CONY, arabbit.
CONFRONTÉE. fronting each other.
CONJOINED, when charges are liked together.
COOTE, a water-fowl.
CORBIE, a crow, or raven.
CORNISH CHOUGH, a species of crow or raven, black, with legs andbeakred; common in Cornwall.
CORNUCOPIA, or HORN OF PLENTY, fulled with fruits, corn, &c.
CORONET, DUCAL, if not otherwise described, should exhibit threee leaves only.
CORONET, EASTERN, or ANTIQUE, represented with five points.
CORONET,MURAL,embattled, also called amural crown.
CORONET, NAVAL, also called a naval crown; a circle, chaced; on the edge four masts, each with top-sail, and as many sterns of vessels, placed alternately.
CORONET, PALISADO, also called a palisado crown; a circle, withpalesor palisadoes fastened to the rim.
CORONET, Vallarie, Vallor, Vallary. SeeVallary Crown.
COUCHANT, COUCHÉ, or COUCHED, lying, with head upright, to distinguish fromdormant.
COULTER, knife of aplough.
COUPED, cut clean off.
COUNTERCHANGED, an alternate changing of the colours.
COURANT, CURRENT, CURSANT, running at full speed,
COUTEAU, knife, cutlass, orsword.
CRESCENT, a half-moon, horns turned upwards.
CRESTED, applied to the comb of acock, or other bird.
CRINED, the hair of man or animal, when of a colour different from that of the body, iscrinedof that colour.
CROSS AVELANE, AVELLANE, resembles four filberts or hazel nuts, stalk to stalk.
CROSS CALVARY, or THE CROSS, generally mounted on three steps,grieces, or degrees.
CROSS CAPITAL, corniced at each extremity.
CROSS CROSSLET, ending in little crosses at each extremity.
CROSS CROSSLET, FITCHER, lower part sharpened to a point.
CROSS FLORY, orFLEURY, afleur-de-lisat each extremity.
CROSS FORMÉE, orPATTÉE, spreading like dovetails at each extremity.
CROSS MILL-RIND, resembling amill-rind.
CROSS MOLINE, sane as themill-rind, but not perforated in the centre.
CROSS CLECHÉE, spreads from the centre towards the extremities, and ends in an angle.
CROSS PATTÉE. SeeCross Formée.
CROSSWAYS, figures in form of a cross.
CRUSILY, strewed withcross crosslets.
CUP. SeeChalice.
CUPOLA, dome of a building.
CURLEW, a waterfowl.
CYGNET, a youngswan.

DANCETTÉE , when the teeth or indents of a zigzag line are large and wide.
DECRESCENT, the half-moon looking to thesinister.
DEMI, one half.
DEVOURING, fish borne feeding are termeddevouring, because they swallow without chewing.
DEXTER, right-hand side.
DISPLAYED, wings whenexpanded.
DOLPHIN, a sea-fish, very straight, but generally drawnembowed. Adolphin,naiant.
DORMANT, sleeping, with head resting upon forepaws.
DRAGON, fabled, differs from thewyvernby having four feet.
DOUBLE-QUEUED, having two tails.wreath, or as a collar; it should have three leaves.

EAGLE , a bird of prey.
EAGLE DISPLAYED, when the wings and legs are extended on each side of the body.
EAGLE RISING, about to take wing, or, wingsexpandedandinverted.
EAGLE PERCHING, or alighting, with wingsexpanded.
EARED, when the ears are in colours different from the body, they areearedof such colour.
ELEPHANTSare represented with and withoutcastleson their backs.
EMBATTLED, like thebattlementsof acastle.
EMBOWED, are from the shoulder, bent at the elbow.
EMBRUED, dipt in blood; any weapon, bloody, or mouths bloody withdevouringprey.
ENDORSED. SeeAddorsed.
ENFIELD; when a head, or any other charge, in placed on the blade of asword, it isenfieldwith whatever is borne upon it.
ENGRAILED, when the edge of a border,bendfesse, &c., is composed of semicircular indents.
ENSIGNED, crowns,coronets, and other things, borne on or over charges: As, a heartensignedwith a crown.
ENTWINEDgenerally round the neck with a snake; sometimes aswordwith a branch of laurel.
ENVELOPED, animalsentwinedby snakes,
ENWRAPPED. SeeEntwined.
ERASED, forcibly torn off, leafing the separated parts jagged and uneven.
ERECT, upright. Asword,erect.
ERMINE, white, with black spots or tufts.
ERMINES, black, with white spots.
ERMINOIS, ground, yellow,powdered, black.
ESCALLOP-SHELL, bearings for those who have made long vogages, or who have had important naval commands. and gained great victories; much used by pilgrims.
ESCARBUNCLE. SeeCarbuncle.
ESCROL, a slip on which crests were formerly placed; now used to receive mottoes.
ESCUTCHEON, the original shield used in war, and on whicharmswere borne; the surface is termed the field, because it contains such marks of honour as were assumed or worn in the field.
ESTOILE, astarwith sixwavedrays or points.
ETOILEof eight points, fourwavedand four straight; or sixteen points, eightwavedand eight straight.
EXPANDED. SeeDisplayed.
EYED, the variegated spots in thepeacock'stail.

FALCHION , a kind of broadsword.
FALCON, large species of sporting hawk.
FEATHERS, always those of the ostrich. FER-DE-MOLINE, amill-rind.
FESS, two horizontal lines drawn across the field, giving a space nearly a third part of theescutcheon.
FESSWAYS, infess; in a horizontal line.
FIMBRIATED, a garment charged or bordered all round.
FIRE-BALL, or BALL FIRED, ppr., has always the fire issuing from the top.
FIRE-BEACON, formerly used to give notice of the approach of an enemy.
FITCHED, or FITCHÉE, sharpened to a point.
FLAMANT, flaming.
FLEUR-DE-LIS, flower of the lily.
FLEURY, FLORY, any bearing ending with afleur-de-lis.
FLOTANT, floating, or flying in the air.
FORMÉE, orPATTÉE, small at the centre, and widening, till very broad at the ends.
FOUNTAIN, aswordwavedroundle.
FRASIER, a strawberry-plant, acinquefoil.
FRET, two long pieces insaltier, extending to the extremity of of the field, and interlaced within amasclein the centre.
FRETTY, eight, ten, or more pieces interlacing each other.
FRUCTED, bearing fruit.
FULGENT, having rays.
FUMENT, emitting smoke.
FURCHÉ, FOURCHÉE, also FOURCHI, forked orfitched.
FURNISHED, ahorsewhen completelycaparisoned; also applied to other things; as, theattireof a stag,furnishedwith six antlers, &c.,
FURS, are six in number,Ermine,Ermines,Erminois,Pean, Potent, andVair.

GAD , aplateof steel or iron. GAD-FLY, a fly that so stings the cattle as to make themgador run madly about.
GALLEY, a vessel with oars.
GALTRAP. SeeCaltrap.
GAMB, the fore-leg of alionor other beast, from the knee joint; ifcoupedorerasednear the middle joint, it is calledpaw.
GARB, a sheaf or corn, or wheat.
GARDANT, looking right forward.
GAUNTLET, an iron glove.
GAZE, AT, the hart, stag, buck, orhind, whenaffrontée, or full-faced; all other beasts in this attitude aregardant.
GOLDEN-FLEECE, a ram stuffed and suspended by a collar round his middle.
GOLPES, purple-colouredroundles.
GOBONEY. SeeComponée.
GORGED. SeeCollared. GOS-HAWK, used in falconry.
GRIECES, steps, or degrees on which crosses are placed.
GRIFFIN, fabled, half-eagle and half-lion, to express swiftness and strength.
GULES, red; when engraved, perpendicular lines.
GUTTÉE, liquid drops, varying in colour, according to what is intended to be represented, and are named as following:--
GUTTÉE-D'EAU, drops of water,azure.
GUTTÉE-DE-LARMES, tear drops,argent.
GUTTÉE-DE-OR, drops of gold, or.
GUTTÉE-DE-POIX, drops of pitch,sable.
GUTTÉE-DE-SANG, drops of blood,gules.
GUTTÉE-REVERSED, drops, contrary to the natural position.
GWYES,roundlesof a sanguine colour.
GYRON, two straight lines from thedexterfessand chief points, meeting in an acute angle in thefesspoint.

HABITED , clothed,vested.
HAND,coupedat the wrist.
HARPY, fabled, head and breasts of a woman, and body of a vulture.
HARROW, used in husbandry, triangular,
HAURIENT, a fish,erect.
HAWK'S LURE, used by falconers; a decoy.
HELMET, an esquire's, when used as a crest.
HILT, the handle of asword.
HIND, female stag, generallytrippant.
HOODED, when borne with a hood. A hawk,hooded.
HOOFED, when the hoofs are of atincturedifferent from the body.
HORNED, when the horns are of atincturedifferent from the body.
HORSE,passant, when walking.
HUNTING-HORN, borne string and unstrung. Strung, Unstrung,
HURT, HEURT, HUEURT, blueroundles, like the hurtle-berry.
HURTY, strewed withhurts.
HYDRA, fabled, like adragonwith seven heads.

IBEX , fabled, like the heraldic-antelope, but with two straight horns, teethed like a saw.
IMBATTLED. SeeEmbattled.
IMPERIAL CROWN, royal crown of Britain INBEND, SeeBendways.
INCRESCENT, the moon in her increase, horns to the right.
INDENTED, notched like a saw.
INDORSED, INDORSÉE. SeeAddorsed. INFESS, horizontal.
INGRAILED. SeeEngrailed. INORLE, nearly a circle; used to express two branches encompassing any bearing. INPALE, upright; borne in the centre of the field.
INVECTED, the reverse ofengrailed.
INVERTED, upside down.
INVEXED, arched.
ISSUANT, coming up.

JAMBE , seeGAMB, generally of thelionor bear.
JELLOPED, or JOWLOPED, the comb of acockatriceorcock, when borne of atincturedifferent from the head.
JESSANT, shooting forth; applied tolionsor other beasts, issuing from the middle of thefess.
JESSANT-DE-LIS, afleur-de-lisshooting through any charge.
JESSES, leather thongs, with which the bells are tied to the legs of hawks.

KIDD , young goat; a roe in its first year.
KINGFISHER, a rapacious little bird that feeds on fish.
KITE, bird of prey.

LABEL , of a figure of three points to distinguish the eldest son furing the life of the father; also given to the ribbons that hang from a mitre orcoronet.
LANCE, aspear, to thrust or tilt with.
LANGUED, the tongue of beasts or birds, when borne of a colour different from the body.
LEASH, small leather thong used by falconers; the line attached to the collar of a dog.
LEASHED, lined.
LEOPARD, borne in all the posions of thelion.
LION, unless expressed differently, is always understood to berampant.
LODGED, the buck, hart,hind, &c., when at rest, or lying; beasts of chase arelodged, those of prey in he same postion arecouchant.
LOZENGE, a diamond square.
LOZENGÉE, orLOZENGY, covered withlozenges.
LUCY, a fish called apike.
LURE, or LEURE, a decoy. Wingsconjoined, with their tips downward, are in leure.
LYMPHAD, antiqueship, with mast and oars.
LYRE, a musical instrument.

MACE , a club, or emblem of dignity.
MAIDEN'S HEAD, head and neck of a womancoupedbelow the breasts.
MAIL, defensive armour.
MANED, when the main is of a colour different from the body, it ismanedof that colour. MAN'S HEAD, unless differently expressed, is always in profile and bearded; if without a beard, it is a young man's head.
MANTLET, a wide and short cloak.
MATING, aneaglewhen stretching out both legs and wings.
MARTLET, a bird without feet, representing the marting.
MASCLE, in form of alozenge, always perforated, or voided.
MASONED, representes the cement or mortar in stone buildings.
MAUNCH, antique sleeve, with long hangers.
MEMBERED, when the legs orbeakof a bird are of a colour different from the body, they arebeakedandmemberedof that colour.
MERMAID, half-woman, half-fish, generally with a comb in onehand, and amirrorin the other.
MERMAN, half-man, half-fish.
MILL-RIND, or FER-DE-MOLINE, the iron in the centre of the mill-stone, by which it is turned.
MINERVA, goddess of wisdom and the arts.
MIRROR, oval and habdled.
MOOR'S HEAD, a black's head, generally in profile, and frequentlybanded.
MORION, antiquehelmetworm by infantry.
MOUND, a ball or globe, forming part of the regalia of sovereigns.
MOUND, arising, on which frequently crests are represented.
MOUNTAIN, larger in proportion to the learing placed upon it.
MULLET, British, astar. French, a spur rowel.
MURAL, walled.
MURAL CROWN,battlementedon the edge of the circle.
MURREY COLOUR, dark brown; a dun sanguine.
MUZZLED,banded, to prevent biting.
MYRTLE, an oval garland, for the victors at the Julian Games.

NAIANT , swimming.
NAISSANT. SeeIssuant.
NARCISSUS, flower with six petals, like the leaf of thecinquefoil.
NEBULÉE, orNEBULY,wavedlines to represent clouds.
NOWED, knotted.

OGRESSES , sable-colouredroundles. OR, yellow or gold colour; when engraved, small points or dots are spread over the field or bearing.
ORLE, to encompass.
OUNCE, the upper part of the body is tawny white, and the lower part ash-colour, and sprinkled with numerous black spots.
OSTRICH-FEATHERS, generally borne in a plume, ostrich is often, but improperly, omitted.
OTTER, an amphibious animal, something like a dog.
OWL, always full-faced.

PALE , divided from top to bottom into three equal parts by two lines.
PALISADO CORONET. SeeCoronet, Palisado.
PALY, when, by perpendicular lines, a field is divided into any equal number of pieces, it ispalyof so many parts.
PARROTorPOPINJAY, in colour, green, generally red feet and collar.
PASCHAL, LAMB,passant, carrying a banner generally charged with a cross, called the baner of St.George.
PASSANT, passing walking.
PASSION CROSS. SeeCross Calvary.
PATTÉE. SeeFormée.
PAW,Sometogambashandis to cubitarm.
PEACOCK, IN PRIDE, tail extended,affrontée.
PEAN, asablefur,powderedwith spots of gold.
PEGASUS, fabledhorsewith wings.
PELLETÉE, strewed withpellets.
PELLETS. SeeOgresses.
PELICAN, like aneagle, with long neck, wingsaddorsed, always pricking her breast, whence issue drops of blood.
PENDENT, hanging.
PENNED, when then stem or quill of afeatheris of a colour different from thefeather.
PENNON, an oblong flag, terminating sometimes is one, and sometimies in two sharp points, carried on the point of aspear.
PER, signifies by or with.PERBEND, divided into two equal parts of different colours by a perpendicular line.PERSALETIER, two diagonal lines crossing each other.
PEWIT, a bird.
PHEON, barded head of a dart or arrow, pointing down, unless expressed otherwise.
PIERCED, an ordinary or charge, perforated, and showing the field under it.
PIKE, a fish, thelucy.
PILE, an ordinary with a sharp point, like thepilesdriven into the ground to strengthen the foundations of buildings.
PINE APPLE, cone or fruit of the pine-tree.
PINEAPPLE STALKED AND LEAVED, with part of a branch attached to it.
PLATE, a round flat piece of silver, without any impression.
PLOUGH. an implement of husbandry.
POMEGRANATE, generally stalked and leaved, and the side of the fruit burst.
POMEIS,roundlespainted green, like apples.
POMMEL, the rounded knob of thesword'shandle.
POPINJAY. SeeParrot.
PORTCULLIS, for the defence of the gateway of a city,castle, or ther fortress.
POWDERED, strewed, same as samée.
PREYING, a ravenous breast or bird, standing on, and in aproperposition fordevouringits prey.
PROPER, borne in theproperor natural colours.
PURFLE, orPURFLEW, a kind of bodkin-work or embroidery make of gold thread, &c.
PURFLED, the golden studs and rims of armour.
PURFLEW, a border offur.
PURURE, purple; engraved by diagonal lines, drawn from thesinisterchief to thedexterbase.
PYRAMID, a building or figure coming a point
PYTHON, a winged serpent ordragon.

QUARTERLY , divided into four equal parts.
QUATREFOIL, four-leaved grass, properly clover.
QUEUE, the tail.
QUIVER OF ARROWS, a case filled with arrows.

RABBIT . SeeConey.
RAGULÉE, RAGULED, orRAGULY, and bearing jagged or notched in irregular manner.
RAINBOW, an arch of various colours,risingfrom clouds.
RAMPANT, standingerectonsinisterhind-leg.
REFLEXED,curved, or turned round.
REGARDANT, looking behind.
REINDEER, a stag, with doubleattires, two of them turning down.
RESPECTING, placed upright, one against the other.
REVERSED, contrary to each other, or to the usual position.
RISING, preparing to fly.
ROSE, consisting of five principal leaves with small ones in the centre, between each leaf a petal or barb, sometimes of a different colour, and when blazonedproper, theroseis red and the barbs green.
ROSE,SLIPPED, has only a small stem attached to it.
ROSE BRANCH, divested of the stiffness of the heraldicrose, and drawn more natural.
ROUNDLES, when of metal, asbezantsandplates, are flat; and when of colours, astorteaux,pellets,hurts,pomeis,golpes, &c., round, though not always so,torteauxbeing frequently flat. Bysometheir names are changed according to the different metal or colour of which they are composed.
RUSTRE, a square figure like amascle, only themascleispiercedsquare, and therustreround.
RYE, EAR OF, is always drawnbenddownwards

SABLE , black; engraved by perpendicular and horizontal lines crossing each other.
SAGITTARIUS, the archer or bowman, the ninth sign in the order of the Zodiac.
SAILOF ASHIP, only a small portion of the mast and yard-arm should be shown.
SALAMANDER, fabled, is represented green, sun rounded with flames, ppr.
SALIENT, leaping orspringing,hindfeet down.
SALTANT, refers to the squirrel, weasel, rat, and all vermin, and to the cat, greyhound, ape, and monkey, whenspringingforward.
SALTIER, in forms of St.Andrew's Cross.
SALTIERWAYS, when oblong figures are in the position of thesaltier.
SANGLIER, a wildboar.
SAVAGE, a wild man, always naked, with beard,affrontée.
SCALING-LADDER, hooked at the top to affix it to the wall.
SCROGS, term applied by Scotch heralds in blazoning a small branch of a tree.
SCROLL. See Escroll.
SEAX, aswordor scimitar, much hollowed out in the back of the blade. SEA-HORSE, upper park like thehorse, but with webbed feet, hinder without legs, tail of a fish, generallycouchant. SEA-LION, upper part like alion, and lower park like the tail of a fish. They are sometimes placederecton their tails.
SERGREANT, applied only to thegriffinwhenrampant.
SEJANT, sitting.
SEMI, one half.
SOMÉ, or SOMÉE, strewed orpowdered.
SERRATED, cut like a saw.
SHIPIN FULLSAIL, never in a sea, unless so expressed.
SHOVELLER, a water-fowl, somewhat like a duck; in heraldry, down with a tuft on breast and back of head.
SINISTER, left-hand side.
SINOPLE,vert, or green.
SLIPPED, stems or slips of plants.
SNAIL, always the shell-snail, and shown as moving along.
SPEAR, generallytilting-spear.
SPHERE, a globe.
SPHINX, fabled, body of alion, wings of aneagle, face and breasts of a woman.
SPIRED, raised points.
SPLENDOUR, applied to the sun when represented as a human face, encircled with rays.
SPREAD EAGLE, aneagle displayed, with two heads.
SPRINGING. SeeSalient.
STAR. SeeEtoile.
STATANT, standing.
STEEL CAP. SeeMorion.
STRINGED, applied to thebugle-hornwhen borne with strings.
STRINGING, applied to a purse of state and a harp.
SURMOUNTED, when a bearing is placed over or upon another.
SWAN, to prevent mistakes, the position should always be mentioned.
SWORD, always two-edged.

TALBOT , a species of hound
TASSELLED, adorned with tasseles.
TEAL, a water-fowl.
TIARA, triple or Papal crown.
TIGER, heraldic; is represented with hooked talon at therose, and mane formed of tufts.
TILTING SPEAR, used at tilts and tournaments.
TINCTURE, colour, including the two metals.
TORCE, or TORSE, the French term forwreath.
TORQUED, resembling the letter S, adolphinhaurientortorqued.
TORTEAU,roundlepainted red.
TORTOISEor TURTLE, full backdisplayed, and the four legs, two on each side.
TREFOIL, three-leaved grass.
TRIDENT, Neptune's emblem, with threebarbedprongs.
TRIPPANTor TRIPPING, a beast of chase, with right foot lifted up, as if walking briskly.
TRITON. SeeMerman.
TRUNCHEON, a marshall's staff; abaton.
TRUNKED, when the main stem of a tree is bone of atincturedifferent from the branches.
TURRETED, a tower or wall having small towers upon it.
TYNES, the branches of the horns of beasts of chase, borne of atincturedifferent from that of the body.

UNDÉE , same aswavy.
UNGULED, the hoods of a colour different from the body.
UNICORN, fabled, with had, neck, and body of ahorse, legs of a buck, tail of alionand long horn projecting from the forehead.
URCHIN. SeeHedgehog.

VAIR , afurwhite and blue, unless described otherwise.
VAIRÉE, formed the same asvair, with this difference, it many be ant number of colours, which must be expressed in the blazon.
, a kind of palisado crown.
VAMBRACED,handorarmcovered with armour.
VANDYKE. SeeDancettée.
VELLOPED, acockisarmed,crested, andvelloped, when his spurs, comb, and wattles are borne of atincturedifferent from the body.
VERT, green, engraved by diagonal lines front thedexterchief to thesinisterbase.
VERVELLED, in falconry, leather thongs with rings at the ends.
VERVELS, in falconry, small rings to which the hesses of the hawk are fastened.
VERULED, ornamental rings roundhunting-horns.
VESTED, clothed orhabited.
, two wingsconjoined.
VOLANT, flying.
VULNED, wounded and bleeding.
VULNING, wounding, particularly applied to thepelican, which is always depicted wounding her breast

WALLET , a pilgrim's pouch.
WATER-BOUGET, an antique vessel used for carring water by soldiers.
WATTLED, applied to the gills of acock.
WAVED, called alsoUndée, formed like waves.
WAVY. SeeWaved.
WHEEL-CATHERINE. SeeCatherine Wheel.
WREATH, a garland, Thewreathupon which the crest is usually borne is composed of twobandsof silk interwoven, the onetincturedof the principal metal, the other of the principal colour in thearms; but, if there be no metal in the coat armour, thebandswhich compose thewreathare of the two principal colours in thearms.Wreathsupon which crests are placed, show six folds in front, three of metal and three of colour, beginning with metal and ending with colour. Crests are uponwreaths, when not expressed as borne upon a cap, orchapeau, or out of acoronet.
WREATH, sometimes applied to the tail of aboar.
WREATHED, twisted in the form of awreath.
WYVERN, or WIVERN, fabled, upper part like adragon, with only two legs, and the lower
part like that of a serpent, always drawn with wings up andaddorsed, unless otherwise described.

YOKE , for oxen.

ZULES , a Ger man bearing, resembling achess-rook.

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