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On this day in History
21st January

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Events

1189 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade.
1276 - Innocent V becomes Pope.
1287 - The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon.
1525 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.
1643 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga.
1720 - Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Stockholm.
1789 - The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, is printed in Boston, Massachusetts.
1793 - After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Louis XVI of France is guillotined.
1861 - American Civil War: Jefferson Davis resigns from the United States Senate.
1864 - The Tauranga Campaign starts during the Maori Wars.
1887 - The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is formed.
1887 - Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
1899 - Opel manufactured its first automobile .
1907 - The Kenora Thistles win the Stanley Cup, representing the smallest town (Kenora, Ontario) ever to win ice hockey's ultimate prize, or any major North American sports title.
1908 - New York City passes the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, only to have the measure vetoed by the mayor.
1911 - The first Monte Carlo Rally.
1915 - Kiwanis International founded in Detroit, Michigan.
1919 - Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin, Sinn Féin adopts Ireland's first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary.
1921 - The Italian Communist Party is founded at Livorno.
1924 - Vladimir Lenin dies and Joseph Stalin begins to purge his rivals to clear way for his leadership.
1925 - Albania declares itself a republic.
1927 - First live radio commentary of a football (soccer) match anywhere in the world- Arsenal vs. Sunderland at Highbury. The match ended in a 1-1 draw.
1941 - World War II: Australian and British forces attack Tobruk, Libya.
1950 - Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury.
1954 - The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, then the First Lady of the United States.
1958 - The last Fokker C.X in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashed, killing the pilot and winch-operator.
1968 - Simon & Garfunkel release the Original Soundtrack to The Graduate, which tops the pop charts and brings Simon a Grammy for Best Original Score.
1968 - Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh - One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.
1969 - An experimental underground nuclear reactor at Lucens Vad, Switzerland, released radiation into a cavern, which was then sealed.
1972 - Tripura becomes a full- fledged state in India.
1976 - Commercial service of Concorde begins with London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.
1977 - President Jimmy Carter pardons nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders, some of whom had emigrated to Canada.
1985 - Because January 20 had fallen on a Sunday, Ronald Reagan's public inaugural ceremony (for his second term as President) was moved to Monday, January 21. Due to bad weather, the ceremony was held indoors in the United States Capital Rotunda.[1]
1997 - Newt Gingrich becomes the first leader of the United States House of Representatives to be internally disciplined for ethical misconduct.
1999 - War on Drugs: In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepts a ship with over 9,500 pounds (4,300 kg) of cocaine on board.
2002 - Canadian Dollar sets all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).
2004 - Canada: The residence of reporter Juliet O'Neill is searched by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) investigating leaks concerning the deportation of Maher Arar.
2004 - NASA's MER-A (the Mars Rover Spirit) ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies with Flash Memory management and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6.
2005 - In Belize's capital city, the unrest over the government's new taxes erupts into riots.
Births

1338 - King Charles V of France (d. 1380)
1721 - James Murray, British military officer, governor of Quebec (d. 1794)
1804 - Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (d. 1887)
1815 - John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (d. 1900)
1824 - Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, American Confederate Army general (d. 1863)
1825 - Imre Madách, Hungarian writer (d. 1864)
1827 - Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)
1829 - King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (d. 1907)
1848 - Henri Duparc, French composer (d. 1933)
1855 - John Moses Browning, American inventor (d. 1926)
1860 - Karl Staaff, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1915)
1867 - Ludwig Thoma, German writer (d. 1921)
1867 - Maxime Weygand, French general (d. 1965)
1882 - Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)
1883 - Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet (d. 1929)
1884 - Roger Baldwin, American social activist (d. 1981)
1885 - Umberto Nobile, Italian politician (d. 1978)
1887 - Georges Vezina, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1926)
1895 - Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (d. 1972)
1897 - René Iché, French sculptor (d. 1954)
1899 - Alexander Tcherepnin, Russian born American composer (d. 1977)
1901 - Ricardo Zamora, Spanish footballer (d. 1978)
1905 - Christian Dior, French fashion designer (d. 1957)
1905 - Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (d. 1978)
1906 - Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer
1909 - Todor Skalovski, Macedonian composer
1910 - Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (d. 1981)
1912 - Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
1918 - Richard D. Winters, American war hero
1921 - Howard Unruh, American mass murderer
1922 - Telly Savalas, American actor (d. 1994)
1922 - Paul Scofield, English actor
1923 - Lola Flores, Spanish singer (d. 1995)
1924 - Benny Hill, British actor, comedian, and singer (d. 1992)
1926 - Steve Reeves, American actor (d. 2000)
1927 - Clive Churchill, Australian rugby player (d. 1985)
1932 - John Chaney, American basketball coach
1934 - Audrey Dalton, Irish actress
1936 - Koji Hashimoto, Japanese film director (d. 2005)
1937 - Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria
1938 - Altair Gomes de Figueiredo, Brazilian footballer
1938 - John Savident, British actor
1938 - Wolfman Jack, disk jockey and actor (d. 1995)
1940 - Jack Nicklaus, American golfer
1941 - Plácido Domingo, Spanish-born tenor
1941 - Richie Havens, American musician
1941 - Ivan Putski, Polish professional wrestler
1942 - Mac Davis, American musician
1942 - Edwin Starr, American singer (d. 2003)
1946 - Johnny Oates, baseball player and manager (d. 2004)
1947 - Jill Eikenberry, American actress
1950 - Billy Ocean, West Indian musician
1952 - Marco Camenisch, Swiss environmental activist
1952 - Louis Menand, American writer and critic
1953 - Paul Allen, American entrepreneur
1955 - Jeff Koons, American artist
1956 - Robby Benson, American actor
1956 - Geena Davis, American actress
1957 - Greg Ryan, American soccer coach
1958 - Michael Wincott, Canadian actor
1962 - Tyler Cowen, American economist
1962 - Marie Trintignant, French actress (d. 2003)
1963 - Hakeem Olajuwon, Nigerian-born basketball player
1963 - Detlef Schrempf, German basketball player
1965 - Jam Master Jay, American disc jockey (d. 2002)
1966 - Robert Del Naja, English musician
1968 - Charlotte Ross, American actress
1968 - Ulrica Messing, Swedish politician
1969 - Tsubaki Nekoi, Japanese manga artist
1970 - Ken Leung, American actor
1970 - Mark Trojanowski, American musician (Sister Hazel)
1971 - Alan McManus, Scottish snooker player
1971 - Doug Weight, American ice hockey player
1971 - Brian Giles, American baseball player
1972 - Cat Power (Chan Marshall), American musician
1972 - Alan Benes, American baseball player
1972 - Yasunori Mitsuda, Japanese composer
1974 - Alex Sperafico, Brazilian racing driver
1974 - Rove McManus, Australian show host and comedian
1975 - Nicky Butt, English footballer
1975 - Antonio Álvarez "Ito", Spanish footballer
1975 - Casey FitzRandolph, American speed skater
1976 - Emma Bunton, English singer (Spice Girls)
1977 - Al Baxter, Australian rugby player
1977 - Phil Neville, English footballer
1977 - Rick Ross, American rapper
1978 - Andrei Zyuzin, Russian ice hockey player
1979 - Brian O'Driscoll, Irish rugby player
1979 - Byung-Hyun Kim, Korean baseball player
1980 - Nana Mizuki, Japanese voice actress and singer
1980 - Dave Kitson, English footballer
1981 - Andy Lee, Korean rapper (Shinhwa)
1981 - Ivan Ergic, Serbian footballer
1981 - Gillian Chung Yan-tung, Hong Kong singer (Twins)
1981 - Jamie Dalrymple, English cricketer
1981 - Dany Heatley, Canadian ice hockey player
1981 - Izabella Miko, Polish-born actress and model
1981 - Alex Ubago, Spanish-Basque singer-songwriter
1982 - Dean Whitehead, English footballer
1983 - Moritz Volz, German footballer
1985 - Alex Pérez, Spanish footballer
1985 - Matt Unicomb, Australian basketball player
1990 - Jacob Smith, American actor
2004 - Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway
Deaths

304 - Saint Agnes (martyred)
917 - Erchanger, Duke of Swabia
1118 - Pope Paschal II
1519 - Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Spanish explorer
1527 - Juan de Grijalva, Spanish conquistador
1546 - Azai Sukemasa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1491)
1609 - Joseph Justus Scaliger, French Protestant scholar (b. 1540)
1638 - Ignazio Donati, Italian composer
1683 - Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, British politician (b. 1621)
1699 - Obadiah Walker, English writer (b. 1616)
1706 - Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (b. 1649)
1710 - Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (b. 1638)
1722 - Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, English supporter of William III of England (b. 1661)
1731 - Thomas Woolston, English theologian (b. 1669)
1766 - James Quin, English actor (b. 1693)
1773 - Alexis Piron, French writer (b. 1689)
1774 - Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717)
1793 - King Louis XVI of France (executed) (b. 1754)
1795 - Samuel Wallis, English navigator (b. 1728)
1809 - Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (b. 1729)
1814 - Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, French writer and botanist (b. 1737)
1823 - Cayetano José Rodríguez, Argentine cleric, journalist and poet (b. 1761)
1831 - Ludwig Achim von Arnim, German poet (b. 1781)
1851 - Albert Lortzing, German composer (b. 1801)
1870 - Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (b. 1812)
1872 - Franz Grillparzer, Austrian writer (b. 1791)
1881 - Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1802)
1891 - Calixa Lavallée, Canadian composer (b. 1842)
1901 - Elisha Gray, American inventor (b. 1835)
1914 - Theodor Kittelsen, Norwegian artist (b. 1857)
1919 - Gojong of Joseon, Emperor of Korea (b. 1852)
1924 - Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary (b. 1870)
1926 - Camillo Golgi, Italian physician, recipient of the Nobel laureate (b. 1843)
1928 - George Goethals, American army engineer (b. 1858)
1931 - Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer (b. 1863)
1932 - Giles Lytton Strachey, British writer (b. 1880)
1933 - George A. Moore, Irish novelist (b. 1852)
1948 - Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, Italian composer (b. 1876)
1950 - George Orwell, British writer (b. 1903)
1955 - Archie Hahn, American athlete (b. 1880)
1956 - Sam Langford, Canadian boxer (b. 1883)
1959 - Cecil B. DeMille, American director (b. 1881)
1959 - Carl Switzer, American actor (b. 1927)
1961 - Blaise Cendrars, Swiss writer (b. 1887)
1967 - Ann Sheridan, American actress (b. 1915)
1968 - Will Lang Jr., American magazine executive (b. 1914)
1977 - Sandro Penna, Italian poet (b. 1906)
1978 - Freda Utley, British scholar and author. (b. 1898)
1984 - Jackie Wilson, American musician (b. 1934)
1984 - Giannis Skaribas, Greek writer, dramatist, and poet (b. 1893)
1985 - James Beard, American chef and author (b. 1903)
1985 - Eddie Graham, American professional wrestler and promoter (b. 1930)
1987 - Charles Goodell, American politician (b. 1926)
1989 - Billy Tipton, American musician (b. 1914)
1989 - Carl Furillo, American Baseball player (b. 1922)
1993 - Charlie Gehringer, American baseball player (b. 1903)
1996 - René Marc Jalbert, sergeant-at-Arms at the National Assembly of Quebec (b. 1921)
1997 - Colonel Tom Parker, American manager of Elvis Presley (b. 1909)
1998 - Jack Lord, American actor (b. 1920)
1999 - Susan Strasberg, American actress (b. 1938)
1999 - Charles Brown, American blues singer and pianist (b. 1920)
2001 - Byron De La Beckwith, American white supremacist (b. 1921)
2002 - Peggy Lee, American singer (b. 1920)
2004 - Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (b. 1929)
2005 - Parveen Babi, Indian actress (b. 1955)
2005 - John L. Hess, American journalist (b. 1917)
2005 - Theun de Vries, Dutch writer (b. 1907)
2006 - Ibrahim Rugova, President of Kosovo (b. 1944)
2007 - Maria Cioncan, Romanian athlete (b. 1977)

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Common Questions

Q. What's the difference between a Coat of Arms & Family Crest?
A. A coat of arms technically refers to the cloth covering worn by knights over their armor to display their arms. Arms are the correct term used to describe what we call today a Coat of Arms or Family Crest, with a Crest being the charge (symbol) over the helmet, so both terms coat of arms and family crest are the same thing.

Q. Why is the Surname History Origin and Coat of Arms Origin different?
A. The history reflects certain information about the surname, but as people move around and names change Coats of Arms may be granted in different countries, but we may have other origins available (see question below).

Q. I want a different Coat of Arms origin than that displayed do you have any more origins for this surname?
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A. This database is not a complete listing for every surname we have a coat of arms for, if you contact us, we will do a search on your surname to see what we have available.

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A. As we draw each coat of arms on a per customer basis, we are unable to send samples or display all our coats of arms on our database.


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When searching for a coat of arms from countries other than England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, they are reffered to by different names, in

Germany: Wappen, Familienwappen, Blasonierung, Heraldik, Wappenschablonen
Netherlands: Wapen, Wapenschid, Heraldiek, Familiewapen
Sweden: Slaktvapen, Heraldik
Denmark: Familievaben
Poland: Herby, Herb, Herbu, Herbarz
France: Armoiries
Spain: Heraldica de Apellidos, Escudo, Heraldaria

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