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On this day in History
2nd January

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Events

366 - Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.
533 - Mercurius becomes Pope John II, the first pope to adopt a new name upon elevation to the papacy.
1492 - Reconquista: Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrenders.
1757 - The United Kingdom captures Calcutta, India.
1788 - Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
1793 - Russia and Prussia partition Poland.
1818 - The British Institution of Civil Engineers is formed.
1860 - The discovery of the planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the Académie des Sciences in Paris.
1871 - Amadeus I becomes King of Spain.
1872 - Brigham Young is arrested for bigamy due to having 25 wives.
1879 - Fred Spofforth claims the first hat-trick in test cricket on the Sydney Cricket Ground against England.
1882 - John D. Rockefeller unites his oil holdings into the Standard Oil trust.
1890 - Alice Sanger becomes the first female staffer for the White House.
1893 - Webb C. Ball of the General Railroad Timepiece Standards in North America introduces railroad chronometers.
1900 - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
1905 - Russo-Japanese War: The Russian fleet surrenders at Port Arthur, China.
1905 - The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.
1917 - The Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank.
1920 - The Palmer Raids begin in the United States.
1921 - The first religious radio broadcast (KDKA AM in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) .
1923 - U.S. Interior Secretary Albert Fall resigns due to the Teapot Dome scandal.
1929 - Canada and the United States agree on a plan to preserve Niagara Falls.
1935 - Bruno Hauptmann goes on trial for the murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., infant son of aviator Charles Lindbergh.
1941 - World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.
1941 - World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
1942 - World War II: Manila is captured by Japanese forces.
1942 - The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
1946 - Unable to resume rule after World War II, King Zog of Albania abdicates but retains his claim to the throne.
1949 - Luis Muñoz Marín became the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
1955 - Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
1957 - The San Francisco Stock and Bond Exchange and Los Angeles Oil Exchange merge.
1959 - The first artificial satellite to orbit the moon, Luna 1, is launched by the U.S.S.R.
1960 - Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announces his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
1969 - Luis Ferré becomes the first statehooder Governor of Puerto Rico.
1969 - Operation Barrier Reef began in Mekong Delta, Vietnam
1971 - The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a Rangers-Celtic football game.
1974 - Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum US speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo.
1979 - Sid Vicious goes on trial for the murder of Nancy Spungen.
1981 - Peter Sutcliffe, the Yorkshire Ripper, is arrested.
1991 - Sharon Pratt Dixon is sworn in as mayor of Washington, DC, becoming the first African American woman to lead a city of that size and importance.
1993 - Leaders of the three warring factions in Bosnia meet to discuss peace plans.
1998 - Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence.
1999 - A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) at Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
2001 - Sila Calderón becomes the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.
2002 - Levy Mwanawasa takes office as the third President of Zambia.
2002 - Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
2004 - Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.
2006 - An explosion in a coal mine leads to the death of 12 of 13 miners in the 2006 Sago Mine disaster in West Virginia.
2006 - Fifteen people die in the Bad Reichenhall ice rink roof collapse tragedy in Bavaria, Germany.
Births

1642 - Mehmed IV, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1693)
1647 - Nathaniel Bacon, English-born American colonist (d. 1676)
1713 - Marie Dumesnil, French actress (d. 1803)
1719 - Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder (d. 1797)
1727 - James Wolfe, British general (d. 1759)
1777 - Christian Daniel Rauch, German sculptor (d. 1857)
1822 - Rudolf Clausius, German physicist (d. 1888)
1827 - Peter Semenov of Tian Shan, Russian explorer (d. 1914)
1833 - Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (d. 1893)
1836 - Mendele Moykher Sforim, Jewish writer (d. 1917)
1837 - Mily Balakirev, Russian composer (d. 1910)
1870 - Ernst Barlach, German sculptor (d. 1938)
1873 - Thérèse de Lisieux, French Roman-Catholic nun (d. 1897)
1877 - Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (d.1906)
1886 - Florence Lawrence, Canadian actress (d. 1938)
1892 - Seiichiro Kashio, Japanese tennis player (d. 1962)
1896 - Dziga Vertov, Russian filmmaker (d. 1954)
1897 - Jim Londos, wrestler (d. 1975)
1904 - Sally Rand, American fan dancer (d. 1979)
1905 - Michael Tippett, English composer (d. 1998)
1905 - Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (d. 1938)
1910 - Srirangam Srinivasarao, also known as Sri Sri, Famous Modern Telugu Poet (d. 1983)
1913 - Anna Lee, English actress (d. 2004)
1917 - Vera Zorina, German dancer (d. 2003)
1920 - Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (d. 1992)
1921 - Glen Harmon, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
1928 - Robert Goralski, American journalist (d. 1988)
1928 - Daisaku Ikeda, Japanese writer, president of SGI
1930 - Julius LaRosa, American singer
1933 - Morimura Seiichi, Japanese novelist
1935 - Neil Downing, Irish writer and musician
1936 - Roger Miller, American singer (d. 1992)
1938 - Ian Brady, British serial killer
1938 - Hans Herbjørnsrud, Norwegian author
1940 - Jim Bakker, American televangelist
1940 - S. R. S. Varadhan, Indian-American mathematician
1942 - Dennis Hastert, 59th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
1942 - Hugh Shelton, 15th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
1944 - Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
1946 - Richard Cole, American tour manager
1947 - Jack Hanna, American zoologist
1947 - Calvin Hill, American football player
1949 - Christopher Durang, American playwright
1950 - David Shifrin, American classical clarinetist
1951 - Alexander Pogrebinsky, Russian-born painter
1954 - Henry Bonilla, American politician
1954 - Dawn Silva, American singer (The Brides of Funkenstein, P-Funk)
1955 - Tex Brashear, American voice actor
1957 - Joanna Pacula, Polish actress
1958 - Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Russian pianist
1960 - Naoki Urasawa, Japanese manga author
1961 - Gabrielle Carteris, American actress
1961 - Todd Haynes, American film director
1963 - David Cone, American baseball player
1963 - Edgar Martinez, American baseball player
1964 - Pernell Whitaker, American boxer
1965 - Greg Swindell, American baseball player
1967 - Tia Carrere, American actress
1967 - Jón Gnarr, Icelandic comedian
1968 - Cuba Gooding Jr., American actor
1968 - Anky van Grunsven, Dutch dressage champion
1968 - Evan Parke, Jamaican actor
1968 - Goichi Suda, CEO of Grasshopper Manufacture
1969 - Tommy Morrison, American boxer
1969 - Christy Turlington, American model
1969 - Róbert Švehla, Slovak ice hockey player
1969 - Patrick Huard, Quebec actor and comedian
1970 - Royce Clayton, American baseball player
1970 - Sanda Lado?i, Romanian singer
1971 - Taye Diggs, American actor
1971 - Lisa Harrison, American basketball player
1971 - Renee Elise Goldsberry, American actress and singer
1972 - Hristos Meletoglou, Greek triple jumper
1973 - Lucy Davis, British actress
1973 - Will Kirby, American actor
1975 - Reuben Thorne, New Zealand rugby union player
1975 - Doug Robb, American singer (Hoobastank)
1975 - Chris Cheney, Australian musician (The Living End)
1975 - Sundra Oakley, American actress and Survivor contestant
1976 - Cletidus Hunt, American football player
1976 - Danilo Di Luca, Italian cyclist
1976 - Paz Vega, Spanish actress
1976 - Hrysopiyi Devetzi, triple jump & long jump athlete
1977 - Ales Pisa, Czech ice hockey player
1977 - Scott Proctor, American baseball player
1978 - Toyoguchi Megumi, Japanese seiyuu (voice actress)
1979 - Suranne Jones, British actress
1980 - Mac Danzig, American Mixed martial arts combatant
1981 - Hanno Balitsch, German footballer
1981 - Kirk Hinrich, basketball player
1981 - Maxi Rodríguez, Argentine footballer
1981 - Ryan Garko, American baseball player
1982 - Athanasia Tsoumeleka, Greek race walker
1983 - Kate Bosworth, American actress
1984 - Colleen Taylor, American journalist
1985 - Heather O'Reilly, American soccer player
1987 - Loui Batley, British actress
Deaths

1512 - Svante, Regent of Sweden (b. 1460)
1514 - William Smyth, English bishop and statesman (bc. 1460)
1557 - Pontormo, Italian painter (b. 1494)
1685 - Harbottle Grimston, English politician (b. 1603)
1694 - Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (b. 1651)
1726 - Domenico Zipoli, Italian composer (b. 1688)
1833 - Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox saint (b. 1759)
1892 - George Airy, British Astronomer Royal (b. 1801)
1893 - John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (b. 1805)
1904 - James Longstreet, American Confederate general (b. 1821)
1913 - Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (b. 1855)
1917 - Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist (b. 1832)
1924 - Sabine Baring-Gould, English composer and novelist (b. 1834)
1939 - Roman Dmowski, Polish politician (b. 1864)
1946 - Joe Darling, Australian cricketer (b. 1870)
1960 - Fausto Coppi, Italian cyclist (b. 1919)
1960 - Paul Sauvé, Canadian politician (b. 1907)
1963 - Dick Powell, American actor (b. 1904)
1963 - Jack Carson, American actor (b. 1910)
1974 - Tex Ritter, American actor (b. 1905)
1977 - Errol Garner, American musician (b. 1921)
1986 - Una Merkel, American actress (b. 1903)
1986 - Bill Veeck, baseball executive (b. 1914)
1986 - Dick James, English music publisher (Northern Songs) (b. 1920)
1990 - Alan Hale Jr., American actor (b. 1918)
1995 - Siad Barre, President of Somalia (b. 1919)
1995 - Nancy Kelly, American actress (b. 1921)
1996 - Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist (b. 1915)
1997 - Randy California, American guitarist & songwriter (Spirit) (b. 1951)
2000 - Nat Adderley, American musician and composer (b. 1931)
2000 - Patrick O'Brian, British novelist (b. 1914)
2000 - Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., U.S. admiral (b. 1920)
2001 - Teri Diver, American actress (b. 1971)
2002 - Armi Aavikko, Finnish singer (b. 1958)
2004 - Lynn Cartwright, American actress (b. 1927)
2004 - Jess Collins, American artist (b. 1923)
2005 - Cyril Fletcher, British comedian (b. 1913)
2005 - Frank Kelly Freas, American artist (b. 1922)
2005 - Ronald 'Bo' Ginn, American politician (b. 1934)
2005 - Maclyn McCarty, American geneticist (b. 1911)
2005 - Edo Murti?, Croatian painter (b. 1921)
2007 - Teddy Kollek, Austrian-born mayor of Jerusalem (b. 1911)
2007 - Robert C. Solomon, American scholar of continental philosophy (b. 1942)
2007 - Dan Shaver, NASCAR driver and ARCA race car driver/owner (b. 1950)
2007 - David Perkins, Stanford University geneticist (b. 1919)
2007 - Paek Nam-sun, North Korean Foreign Affairs minister (b. 1929)
2007 - Richard Newton, Australian-born technology pioneer and professor (b. 1951)
2007 - Don Massengale, American PGA Tour golf player (b. 1937)
2007 - Mauno Jokipii, Finnish professor and World War II researcher (b. 1924)
2007 - Sergio Jiménez, Mexican actor (b. 1937)
2007 - Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, American historian (b. 1941)
2007 - Garry Betty, American CEO of Earthlink (b. 1957)

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Common Questions

Q. What's the difference between a Coat of Arms & Family Crest?
A. A coat of arms technically refers to the cloth covering worn by knights over their armor to display their arms. Arms are the correct term used to describe what we call today a Coat of Arms or Family Crest, with a Crest being the charge (symbol) over the helmet, so both terms coat of arms and family crest are the same thing.

Q. Why is the Surname History Origin and Coat of Arms Origin different?
A. The history reflects certain information about the surname, but as people move around and names change Coats of Arms may be granted in different countries, but we may have other origins available (see question below).

Q. I want a different Coat of Arms origin than that displayed do you have any more origins for this surname?
A. Yes it is possible we would advise you order via our main website Family-crests.com

Q. I can't find my surname on your database, what should I do?
A. This database is not a complete listing for every surname we have a coat of arms for, if you contact us, we will do a search on your surname to see what we have available.

Q. I need to see the Coat of Arms before I order?
A. As we draw each coat of arms on a per customer basis, we are unable to send samples or display all our coats of arms on our database.


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When searching for a coat of arms from countries other than England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, they are reffered to by different names, in

Germany: Wappen, Familienwappen, Blasonierung, Heraldik, Wappenschablonen
Netherlands: Wapen, Wapenschid, Heraldiek, Familiewapen
Sweden: Slaktvapen, Heraldik
Denmark: Familievaben
Poland: Herby, Herb, Herbu, Herbarz
France: Armoiries
Spain: Heraldica de Apellidos, Escudo, Heraldaria

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