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On this day in History
29 February



1504 - Christopher Columbus uses his knowledge of a lunar eclipse that night to convince Native Americans to provide him with supplies.
1704 - Queen Anne's War: French forces and Native Americans attack and destroy Deerfield, Massachusetts, killing 100 men, women, and children.
1712 - February 29 is followed by February 30 in Sweden, in a move to abolish the Swedish calendar for a return to the Old style.
1720 - Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden abdicates in favour of her husband, who becomes King Frederick I.
1864 - American Civil War: Kilpatrick-Dahlgren raid fails - Plans to free 15,000 Union soldiers being held near Richmond, Virginia are thwarted.
1892 - St. Petersburg, Florida incorporated.
1916 - Child labor: In South Carolina, the minimum working age for factory, mill, and mine workers is raised from twelve to fourteen years old.
1932 - TIME magazine features eccentric American politician William "Alfalfa" Murray on its cover after Murray stated his intention to run for President of the United States.
1936 - Baby Snooks, played by Fanny Brice, debuts on the radio program The Ziegfeld Follies of the Air.
1940 - For her role as Mammy in Gone with the Wind, Hattie McDaniel becomes the first African American to win an Academy Award.
1940 - Finland initiates Winter War peace negotiations
1940 - In a ceremony held in Berkeley, California, due to the war, physicist Ernest Lawrence receives his 1939 Nobel Prize in Physics from the Sweden's Consul General in San Francisco.
1944 - World War II: The Admiralty Islands are invaded in the American General Douglas MacArthur-led Operation Brewer.
1952 - The island of Heligoland is restored to German authority.
1956 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower announces to the nation that he is running for a second term. (He defeats Adlai Stevenson that November 6, in a rematch of the 1952 election.)
1960 - An earthquake in Morocco kills over 3,000 people and nearly destroys Agadir in the southern part of the country.
1964 - In Sydney, Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser sets a new world record in the 100-meter freestyle swimming competition (58.9 seconds).
1972 - Vietnam War: Vietnamization - South Korea withdraws 11,000 of its 48,000 troops from Vietnam.
1972 - Hank Aaron becomes the first player in the history of Major League Baseball to sign a $200,000 contract.
1984 - Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announces he will retire as soon as the Liberals can elect another leader.
1988 - South African archbishop Desmond Tutu is arrested along with 100 clergymen during a five-day anti-apartheid demonstration in Cape Town
1996 - Novelist Joan Collins awarded US $1 million from Random House for breach of contract.
1996 - A Peruvian Boeing 737 crashes in the Andes, killing 123 people.
2000 - Six year old Dedrick Owens shoots and kills Kayla Rolland, also six years old, at Theo J. Buell Elementary School in Mount Morris Township, Michigan. Rolland is currently the youngest victim of a school shooting [1]
2004 - Jean-Bertrand Aristide resigns as President of Haiti following popular rebel uprising.

Leapling Births:
A person who was born on 29 February may be called a "leapling". In non-leap years they usually celebrate their birthday on 28 February or 1 March.
For legal purposes, their legal birthdays depend on how different laws count time intervals. In England and Wales the legal birthday of a leapling is 28 February in common years (see Leap Years, above). In Taiwan the legal birthday of a leapling is also 28 February in common years, so a Taiwanese leapling born on 29 February 1980 (example) would have legally reached 18 years old on 28 February 1998.
"If a period fixed by weeks, months, and years does not commence from the beginning of a week, month, or year, it ends with the ending of the day which proceeds the day of the last week, month, or year which corresponds to that on which it began to commence. But if there is no corresponding day in the last month, the period ends with the ending of the last day of the last month.[2]"
There are many instances in children's literature where a person's claim to be only a quarter of their actual age turns out to be based on counting their leap-year birthdays. A similar device is used in the plot of the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta The Pirates of Penzance.
1468 - Pope Paul III (d. 1549)
1692 - John Byrom, English poet (d. 1763)
1736 - Ann Lee, American founder of Shakers (d. 1784)
1792 - Gioacchino Rossini, Italian composer (d. 1868)
1840 - John Philip Holland, Irish inventor (d. 1914)
1852 - Frank Gavan Duffy, Australian judge (d. 1936)
1860 - Herman Hollerith, American statistician (d. 1929)
1896 - Morarji Desai, Prime Minister of India (d. 1995)
1896 - William A. Wellman, American film director (d. 1975)
1904 - Jimmy Dorsey, American bandleader (d. 1957)
1904 - Pepper Martin, baseball player (d. 1965)
1904 - Rukmini Devi Arundale, Indian dancer and founder of Kalakshetra (d. 1986)
1908 - Balthus, French-Polish painter (d. 2001)
1908 - Dee Brown, American writer (d. 2002)
1908 - Alf Gover, English cricketer (d. 2001)
1916 - Dinah Shore, American singer (d. 1994)
1920 - Arthur Franz, American actor (d. 2006)
1920 - James Mitchell, American actor
1920 - Michèle Morgan, French actress
1920 - Howard Nemerov, American poet (d. 1991)
1924 - Al Rosen, American baseball player
1924 - David Beattie, New Zealand Governour General
1924 - Carlos Humberto Romero, President of El Salvador
1928 - Joss Ackland, English actor
1928 - Tempest Storm, American burlesque performer
1932 - Jaguar, Brazilian cartoonist
1936 - Jack Lousma, astronaut
1936 - Henri Richard, Canadian hockey player
1936 - Alex Rocco, American actor
1940 - Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople
1940 - William H. Turner, Jr. American horse trainer
1944 - Phyllis Frelich, American actress
1944 - Dennis Farina, American actor
1944 - Paolo Eleuteri Serpieri, Italian illustrator
1944 - Ene Ergma, Estonian politician
1952 - Sharon Dahlonega Raiford Bush, American television's first African-American primetime weather anchor.
1952 - Tim Powers, American writer
1952 - Raisa Smetanina, Russian cross-country skier
1952 - Bart Stupak, American politician
1956 - Jonathan Coleman, Anglo-Australian entertainer
1956 - Bob Speller, Canadian politician
1956 - Aileen Wuornos, American serial killer (d. 2002)
1956 - J. Randy Taraborrelli, American celebritiy journalist
1960 - Ian McKenzie Anderson, British musician
1960 - Richard Ramirez, American serial killer
1960 - Tony Robbins, American motivational speaker
1964 - Lyndon Byers, Canadian hockey player
1964 - Jahred Shane, Afro-Brazilian rapper/singer of (h?d) p.e.
1968 - Chucky Brown, American basketball player
1968 - Pete Fenson, American curler
1968 - Naoko Iijima, Japanese actress
1968 - Gonzalo Lira, Chilean-American novelist
1968 - Bryce Paup, American football player
1972 - Antonio Sabàto, Jr., Italian-born actor
1972 - Dave Williams, American singer (Drowning Pool) (d. 2002)
1972 - Pedro Zamora, Cuban-born American AIDS activist (d. 1994)
1976 - Ja Rule, American rapper and actor
1980 - Simon Gagné, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 - Cam Ward, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 - Darren Ambrose, English footballer
1988 - Scott Golbourne, English footballer

1528 - Patrick Hamilton, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b. 1504)
1592 - Alessandro Striggio, Italian composer (b. 1540)
1604 - John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1530)
1740 - Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (b. 1667)
1744 - John Theophilus Desaguliers, French philosopher (b. 1683)
1820 - Johann Joachim Eschenburg, German literary critic (b. 1743)
1868 - Ludwig I of Bavaria (b. 1786)
1928 - Ina Coolbrith, first poet laureate of California (b. 1841)
1940 - Edward Frederic Benson, English writer (b. 1867)
1944 - Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, President of Finland (b. 1861)
1956 - Elpidio Quirino, President of the Philippines (b. 1890)
1968 - Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (b. 1886)
1980 - Gil Elvgren, American artist (b. 1914)
1992 - Ruth Pitter, English poet (b. 1897)
2004 - Jerome Lawrence, American playwright (b. 1915)

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Common Questions

Q. What's the difference between a Coat of Arms & Family Crest?
A. A coat of arms technically refers to the cloth covering worn by knights over their armor to display their arms. Arms are the correct term used to describe what we call today a Coat of Arms or Family Crest, with a Crest being the charge (symbol) over the helmet, so both terms coat of arms and family crest are the same thing.

Q. Why is the Surname History Origin and Coat of Arms Origin different?
A. The history reflects certain information about the surname, but as people move around and names change Coats of Arms may be granted in different countries, but we may have other origins available (see question below).

Q. I want a different Coat of Arms origin than that displayed do you have any more origins for this surname?
A. Yes it is possible we would advise you order via our main website

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A. This database is not a complete listing for every surname we have a coat of arms for, if you contact us, we will do a search on your surname to see what we have available.

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A. As we draw each coat of arms on a per customer basis, we are unable to send samples or display all our coats of arms on our database.

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When searching for a coat of arms from countries other than England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, they are reffered to by different names, in

Germany: Wappen, Familienwappen, Blasonierung, Heraldik, Wappenschablonen
Netherlands: Wapen, Wapenschid, Heraldiek, Familiewapen
Sweden: Slaktvapen, Heraldik
Denmark: Familievaben
Poland: Herby, Herb, Herbu, Herbarz
France: Armoiries
Spain: Heraldica de Apellidos, Escudo, Heraldaria

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