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Scottish Surname History


The son of Adam. The family are descended from Adam Macgregor, grandson of Gregor Macgregor, chief of the clan Gregor.

MacADAM, Sir Ivison (1894-) of Edinburgh. One-time editor of The Annual Register of World Events.

MacADAM, John Loudon (1756-1836) of Ayr. Inventor of the macadamizing system of road making, commonly known as 'Tarmac'. Appointed surveyor of Britain's roads in 1827. He refused a knighthood.

The son of Alister or Alexander. The family are descended from Alexander Macdonald, son of Donald, whose father Reginald, was the son of Somerled Thane of Argyll.

McALISTER, Arthur (1818-) of Glasgow. Became Prime Minister of Australia in 1866.

The son of Alpin. The family descended from Kenneth Macalpine, ancestor of the Scottish kings.

McALPINE, Sir Robert of Newarthill, near Glasgow. Founder of the Sir Robert McAlpine Construction and Property Empire. Pioneered the widespread use of concrete in Britain.

The son of Arthur. The family branched off from the Campbells about the time of Alexander III.

MacARTHUR, Helen, of Glasgow. Singer. Became popular in radio's Friday Night is Music Night. Gained Top female radio personality' award in 1971. Had her own TV series The Helen McArthur Show.

MacASKILL, Angus (1825-63) of the Isle of Berneray. A 7' 9" giant. Believed to have been the strongest man that ever lived.

The son of Aulay. The family claim to be descended from Aulay, grandson of Aulay, brother of Maldowan, Earl of Lennox.

MacAULAY, Thomas B. Lord (1800-59). Brilliant Scottish historian. Sometime Secretary for War and Paymaster-General. Wrote A History of England.

MacBAIN, Sir James (1828-92) of Ross-shire. Statesman and cabinet minister. He was a director of two Banks and three Insurance Offices.

The son of Bane.

MacCAIG, Norman (1910-) of Edinburgh. Poet. His many works include 'Riding Lights' (1957), 'Rings on a Tree' (1968), 'A Man in My Position' (1969) and 'The White Bird' (1973).

MacCALL, Charles J. (1907-) of Edinburgh. Artist. Painter of portraits, landscapes and contemporary life. Exhibited regularly in London and in one-man shows in Leicester, Dublin, New York, Manchester and Montreal.

McCALL, Sir Henry W. U. (1895-) of Ayrshire. Admiral (1953). Naval Attache, Buenos Aires (1938-40), Senior British Naval Officer, Middle East (1956-48), Flag Officer Destroyers, Mediterranean Fleet (1949-50).

McCALLUM, David (1933-) of Glasgow. Actor best known for his starring roles in TV's The Man from UNCLE and Colditz.

McCLINTOCK, Sir Francis L. (1819-1907). Admiral and Polar explorer. Was knighted for discovering the fate of the Franklin expedition.

MacCOLL, Dugald Sutherland (1859-1948) of Glasgow. Painter, poet and art historian. Keeper of the Tate Gallery (1906-11) and of the Wal-lace Collection (1911-24).

The son of the king.

McCRAE, John (1872-1918), born in Ontario of Scottish parents. Doctor and poet. When a medical officer in the Great War, wrote 'Flanders Fields' one of the great war poems which appeared in 1915.

MacCULLOCH, Sir James (1819-) of Glasgow. Politician who became Prime Minister of Australia in 1863.

McCULLOCH, John Ramsay (1789-1864) of Whithorn. Political economist. In 1828 became Prof. of Political Economy, Univ. Coll., London, and Comptroller of HM Stationery Office in 1838.

MacCUNN, Hamish (1868-1916) of Greenock. Composer and song writer of remarkable individuality. He was conductor of the Carl Rosa and other opera companies and professor of Composition at the Guildhall School of Music.

The son of the Arch Druid.

The son of Donald. The family are descended from Angus MacDonald, son of Donald, whose father, Reginald, was the son of Somerled, Thane of Argyll.

McDONALD, Alexander (1903-) of Edinburgh. Secretary of the Institute of Civil Engineers (1954-). Director of Public Works, Sierra Leone (1942-43). Inspector-General of Public Works, Nigeria (1951-54).

MacDONALD, Angus Alexander (1904-) of Edinburgh. Deputy Commissioner, Lyallpur (1933-36), Amritsar (1936-41), Deputy Home Sec., Punjab (1941-43) and Home Sec., Punjab (1943-47),

MacDONALD, Sir Claud (1852-1915). Sometime British Minister at Peking.

MacDONALD, Donald M. T. (1909-) of the Isle of Skye. Air-Vice Marshal, Director-General of Manning, Air Ministry (1956-61).

MacDONALD, Flora (1722-90) of Milton, South Uist. Disguised as 'Betty Burke' she conducted Prince Charles Edward Stewart to safety in Skye in 1746.

MacDONALD, George (1824-1905) of Huntly. Poet and novelist. David Elginbrod (1862), The Marquis of Lossie (1877) and Sir Gibbie (1879) are three of his best novels.

MacDONALD, Harry (1886-) of Isle of Skye. Major-General (1940), Was General Staff Officer, Western Commd., India (1928-31). Major-General, Cavalry, India (1939-40), and other high appointments in India.

MacDONALD, Sir Hector Archibald (1852-1903) of Dingwall. Soldier, who rose from the ranks and became a General, known as 'Fighting Mac'. Distinguished himself at Omdurman. It has been alleged that he had been involved in the Russo-Japanese War.

MacDONALD, Iverach (1908-) of Strathcool, Caithness. Associate editor of The Times newspaper (1967-68), and Director (1968-).

MacDONALD, Jacques Etienne Joseph Alexandre, Due de Tarente (1765-1840). Born at Sudan of Scottish descent. Became Marshal of France after his defeat of the Austrians at Wagram in 1809.

MacDONALD James Ramsay (1866-1937) of Lossiemouth. First Labour Prime Minister of Britain in 1924 (Jan. to Nov.). Re-elected Prime Minister in 1929 and formed a National Government in 1931 during the financial crisis.

McDONALD, Sir John (1898-) son of Donald McDonald of Falkirk. Minister for Water Supply and Electricity in Victoria, Australia (1943-45), Minister for Lands, etc. (1947-48) and Premier and Treasurer, Victoria, Australia (1950-52).

MacDONALD, Sir John Alexander (1815-91) of Rogart, Sutherland. First Prime Minister of Canada (1856). He was mainly instrumental in bringing about the Confederation of Canada.

MacDONALD, Malcolm J. (1901-1981) of Lossiemouth. Son of Jas. Ramsay MacDonald. High Commissioner, Canada (1941-46), Governor-General, Malaya and Borneo (1946-48), Commissioner-General, SE Asia (1948-55), High Commissioner in India (1955-60) and Special Representative HM Govt. in Africa (1966-69). He was also Governor and C in C Kenya (1963).

MacDONALD, S. Douglas (1899-) of Glen Urquhart, Inverness-shire. Air Vice-Marshal, Head of Air Training Advisory Group NATO (1952-54). MacDONALD, Thomas C. (1909-). Air Vice-Marshal (1961) and Principal Medical Officer, Tech. Training Commd., RAF (1961-66).

MacDONELL of Glengarry (Aeneas R. Donald). Air Commodore. Appointed Director of Management and Work Study, Ministry of Defence, Air Force Dept. in 1961.

The son of Dougall. The family are descended from Dougall, grandson of Somerled Thane of Argyll.

MacDOUGALL, Alastair lan (1888-). Son of late Col. Jas. Mac-Dougall of Edinburgh. Major-General (1940) (Ret. 1944) Commanded Royal Scots Greys (1928-32). General Staff, War Office (1936-39). Deputy Chief of General Staff (1940).

MacDOUGALL, Alexander (1731-) of Islay. Major-General in the American Revolutionary War. Was a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1780 and 1784.

MacDOUGALL, Sir David (1912-) of Glasgow. Head of Govt. Economic Service and Chief Economic Adviser to the Treasury (1969-).

McDOUGALL, John B. (1890-1967) of Greenock. Sometime chief of the Tuberculosis Section, World Health Organisation, Geneva and Consultant in Tuberculosis to the Egyptian Govt.

A corruption of MacDougall.

The son of the captain. The family are descended from Macduff, Earl of Fife, temp. Malcolm Canmore.

McEACHERN, Sir Malcolm Donald (1852-1910) of Islay. Shipowner. Made Mayor of the city of Melbourne in 1899.

The son of Ewen. The family are descended from Anradan, son of Gillebride, King of the Isles in the twelfth century.

McEWEN, Sir John B. (1868-1948) of Hawick. Composer and Prin-cipal of the Royal College of Music, London (1924-36).

MacEWEN, Sir William (1848-1924) of Rothesay. Surgeon and pioneer in brain, lung and orthopaedic surgery. He was the first to operate for a brain abcess (1876) and successfully removed a brain tumor in 1878. He was also the first to perform a complete removal of a lung for tuberculosis in 1895.

McFADZEAN, Francis Scott, Baron (Life Peer) (1913-) of Glasgow. As Chairman of Shell Transport and Trading was Britain's highest paid businessman. Chairman of British Airways (1976-79) and of Rolls Royce from 1979.

McFADZEAN, William H., Baron (Life Peer) (1903-) of Stranraer. Chairman British Insulated Callender Cables Ltd. (1954-). Director (1949) and Deputy Chairman (1968) Midland Bank, etc.

The son of Pharlan. The family are de-scended from Gilchrist, brother of Maldowan, third Earl of Lennox.

MacFARLANE, George G. (1916-) of Airdrie. Appointed Controller (research) Ministry of Technology in 1967.

A corruption of Farquharson.

MacFARQUHAR, Sir Alexander (1903-), educ. Aberdeen and Cambridge. Director of personnel, United Nations (1962-67) UN Sec-General's special adviser for civil affairs in the Congo (1960).

MacFARQUHAR, Colin (1745-93) of Edinburgh. Printer and co-founder of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

The son of Gowrie. The family are de scended from Donald MacGowrie, a descendant of Gorbredus, the grandson of Alphine Ruodh, King of Scotland in 830.

McGAW, William Rankin (1900-) of Glasgow. Director of Aircraft Equipment Production (1941), of Aircraft Supplies (General) (1946-48) and of Production (1948-52). Director-General, Aircraft Production, Min. of Supply (1952-61).

McGILL, Donald Fraser (1875-1962). His forebears emigrated to Canada from Wigtownshire. Originator of the popular, comic and saucy postcards. Hundreds of millions were produced.

McGILLIVRAY, Alexander (1759-93). Born in Georgia, USA. Son of Lachlan McGillivray of Inverness. Became a Red Indian Chief of the Creek tribe in 1777. He also became a colonel in the British army during the Revolution, and later a Brigadier-General in the US army.

McGILLIVRAY, William (1764-) of Inverness-shire. Fur trader. Founder of the Canadian town of Fort William on Lake Superior. In 1970 Fort William amalgamated with Port Arthur to form the new city of Thunder Bay.

McGONAGALL, William (1830-1902) of Edinburgh. Weaver and writer of doggerel verse.

The son of Gregor. The family are descended from Kenneth Macalpine, ancestor of the Scottish kings.

McGREGOR, Alasdair Alpin (1899-1970). Educ. Tain, Inverness and Edin. Author and traveller. Explored MacDonnell Ranges in Central Australia (1952-53). Prolific writer, usually illustrated with his own photographs.

MacGREGOR, Sir Alexander S.M. (1881-1967) of Arbroath. Physician. Medical Officer of Health, Glasgow (1925-46). President, Society of Medical Officers of Health (1941-42).

MacGREGOR, Andrew (1897-) of Crieff. Air Vice-Marshal. Senior Air Staff Officer HQ No. 4 Gp.(1940-42), Air Officer Admin., North Africa (1942-44), AOC No.28 Gp.(1945-46) and AOA, HQ Fighter Commd. (1946-49).

MacGREGOR, Sir Gregor (-d.1845). A remarkable character who became a General in the Venezuelan army under Simon Bolivar.

MacGREGOR, J. Geddes, (1909-) son of the late Thos. Geddes MacGregor of Dundee. Dean of the Graduate School of Religion and Professor of Philosophy of Religion, Univ. of Southern California (I960-).

MacGREGOR, Sir lan Kinloch (1912-) of Kinlochleven. Metallurgist. Left Scotland in 1941 to advise the Americans on steel for tanks and battleships. Appointed Chairman of British Steel (1980-83) and the Coal Board in 1983 when he was instrumental in the breaking of the year long strike and the overpowering of the NUM.

McGREGOR, Sir James of Lethendrey, Strathspey. Surgeon and sol-dier. Was Wellington's Surgeon General. Became known as the 'Father of the Royal Army Medical Corps'.

MacGREGOR, Lewis R. (1886-) of Aberfeldy. Director-General Commonwealth of Australia War Supplies Procurement Mission, Washington and Ottawa (1941-45). HM Australian Minister to Brazil (1945-49).

MacGREGOR, Robert B. (1896-) educ. Dunbar and Edinburgh. Retired as Senior Medical Officer, Malacca Agricultural Medical Board in 1958. Sometime Director, Medical Services, Straits Settlements and Adviser, Medical Services, Malay States (1940-).

McGUGAN, Stuart, (1944-) of Stirling. Journalist who became an actor. Best known for his part in TVs It Aint Half Hot Mum and as a regular presenter of Playschool.

MacHABENS, Johannes (-d.1557). A reformer of the clan MacAlpine, who from 1542 was Professor of Theology at Copenhagen.

McHARDY, William D. (1911-) of Banffshire. Professor of Hebrew, Oxford Univ. (I960-). Examiner, Univs. of Aberdeen, Cambridge, Durham, Edinburgh, Leeds, London, Oxford and Gold Coast Univ. Coll.

MacILWRAITH, Sir Thomas (1835-1900) of Ayr. Politician who was Premier of Queensland, Australia (1879-86, 1888 and 1892-93).

MacINNES, Helen C., of Helensburgh ? Author. Wrote many novels incl. Above Suspicion (1941), The Unconqurable, Friends and Lovers (1947) and North From Rome (1958).

The son of the first. The family are descended from Shaw, living in 1163, second son of Duncan MacDuff, third Earl of Fife.

McINTOSH, Alastair (1913-) of Dundee. Principal Adviser to the High Commissioner, Aden, (1963-64).

MacINTOSH, Charles (1766-1843) of Glasgow. Chemist and inventor. He obtained a patent (1825) for converting malleable iron into steel, thus helping Neilson to bring in his 'hot-blast' process (1828). He patented his misnamed Mackintosh waterproof cloth in 1823. Elected FRS (1823).

MacINTOSH, Duncan W. (1904-) of Inverness. Was Commissioner of Police, Hong Kong (1946-54), and Police Adviser to the Govt. of Iraq (1954-58) and to Govt. of Jordan (1962-).

MacINTOSH, Capt. William (? -d.1825). Son of Benjamin Macintosh of Borlum, Inverness-shire. Became a Red Indian Chief of the Creek tribe.

The son of the carpenter.

MacINTYRE, Sir Donald (1891-) of Glasgow. Minister of Finance, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (1953-62). Made a Freeman of the city of Bulawayo in 1955.

The son of Iver, which signifies a chief or leader.

MacIVER, Robert Morrison (1882-1970) of the Isle of Lewis. Professor of Political Philosophy and Sociology, Columbia Univ. (1929-50). Director, New York City Juvenile Delinquency Evaluation Project (1956-61) and President of the New School of Social Research (1963-65).

MacKAIL, John William (1859-1945) of Bute. Classical scholar. Profes-sor of Poetry at Oxford (1906-11). President of the British Academy (1932-33) Latin Literature-a Survey of the Whole Literature of Ancient Rome (1895) was his work.

The son of the champion. They claim to be descended from Ymore, son of Donald of Strathnavern, a descendant of Achonacher (claimed aa an ancestor of the family of Forbes), who came from Ireland about the end of the twelfth century.

MacKAY Alexander Morehead (1849-90) of Rhynie, Aberdeenshire. Engineer and pioneer missionary to Uganda (1875-90) Became known as 'MacKay of Uganda'. Died of a fever at Usumbiro.

MacKAY, Charles (1814-89) of Perth. Songwriter, and editor of the Illustrated London News (1848-59). New York correspondent of The Times during the Civil War (1862-65). Two of his songs 'There's a Good Time coming' and 'Cheer Boys Cheer' were extremely popular.

MacKAY, Dave, (1934-) of Edinburgh. Footballer, team trainer and manager of outstanding ability. Became known as the 'Iron Man' of football. He had 22 Scottish Caps. Surely one of Scotland's football all-time greats.

MacKAY, Fulton (1923-87) of Paisley. Actor. Played many major parts in TV productions including, The Master of Ballantrae, Special Branch, Porridge, and Some Mothers do 'ave em.

MacKAY, Sir Gordon (1914-) of Aberdeenshire. General Manager, East African Railways and Harbours (1961-64). With the World Bank (1965-).

MacKAY, Hugh (c. 1640-92) of Scourie, Sutherland. General who fought for Charles II after the Restoration (1660) and then for France against Holland. He later attached himself to William of Orange (1689).

MacKAY James, Scottish botanist who discovered the sources of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers in 1784.

MacKAY, James, Lord MacKAY of Clashfern (1927-) Edinburgh. Appointed Lord Chancellor in 1987. Noted for his legal reforms in Britain's complicated legal system. Not all of his reforms are popular with English lawyers.

MacKAY Sir John (1912-) of Blantyre. Became Chief Inspector of Constabulary for England and Wales. Was Chief Constable in Manchester (1959-66).

MacKAY, John A. (1889-) of Inverness. President of Princeton Theological Seminary (1936-59). Moderator, General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the USA (1953).

MacKAY, Mary (1855-1924) of Perth. Novelist who wrote under the name of 'Marie Corelli'. With The Sorrows of Satan (1895) she became the most popular novelist of her time in Britain.

McKELLAR, Kenneth (1927-) of Paisley. Singer and concert artist. Principal tenor, Carl Rosa Opera Co. (1953-54). His TV and radio programme A Song for Everyone was well received. Has had several successful Commonwealth tours.

The son of Kenneth, which signifies a chieftain. The family are descended from Colin Fitzgerald, a scion of the Kildare family in Ireland, who in 1263 came to Scotland to assist Alexander in against the Danes, and he behaved so well at the battle of Largis in Coningham, that he was in 1266 rewarded with the Barony of Kintail, in which he was succeeded by his son Kenneth, whose descendants were called Mackennie, afterwards varied into MacKenzie.

MacKENZIE, Alexander (1822-92) of Dunkeld, Perthshire. Canadian statesman. Became Prime Minister of Canada after Sir John MacDonald (1873-78).

MacKENZIE, Sir Alexander (1764-1820) of Stornoway. Explorer and fur-trader in NW Canada. The MacKenzie River which bears his name was discovered by him in 1789. He crossed the Rockies to the Pacific (1792-93).

MacKENZIE, Sir Alexander Campbell (1847-1935) of Edinburgh. Composer and conductor. Conductor of the Philharmonic Society (1892-99). President of the International Music Society (1908-12). Composed many notable works including The Cricket on the Hearth (1914), The Eve of St John (1924) and the oratorio The Rose ofSbaron (1884).

MacKENZIE, Charles Frederick (1825-62) of Peeblesshire. Became the first Anglican Bishop in Central Africa.

MacKENZIE, Colin (1755-1821) of Stornoway. Colonel and surveyor. A brilliant mathematician. Became first Surveyor-General of India in 1815.

MacKENZIE, Sir George (1636-91) of Dundee. Lawyer, writer and politician. Held the post of Lord-Advocate under Charles II and James II. As criminal prosecutor in the days of the Covenanters he earned the name 'bluedy Mackenzie'.

MacKENZIE, Sir George S. (1780-1848). Minerologist. He was first to obtain proof of the identity of diamond with carbon.

MacKENZIE Henry (1745-1831) of Edinburgh. Novelist, essayist and lawyer. Perhaps best remembered as a writer. His most famous work was The Man of Feeling (1771).

MacKENZIE, Sir Hugh (1913-) of Inverness. Vice-Admiral, Flag Officer Submarines (1961-63). Director, Atlantic Salmon Research Trust (1959-).

MacKENZIE, Sir James (1853-1925) of Scone, Perthshire. Physician. In 1902 he published his classical Study of the Pulse. He invented the polygraph to record graphically the heart's action. His Diseases of the Heart (1908) confirmed his reputation as one of the world's greatest cardiologists. Elected FRS in 1915.

MacKENZIE, Sir Morell (1837-92). Physician and throat specialist. Co-founder of the Hospital for Diseases of the Throat, London.

MacKENZIE, Sir Robert (1811-) of Ross-shire. Became Prime Minis-ter of Australia in 1869.

MacKENZIE, William Lyon (1795-1861) of Dundee. Journalist, reformer and patriot. Leader of the Upper Canadian rebellion of 1837-38. He became first Mayor of Toronto in 1834. Elected to the Legislature of Canada in 1851.

MacKENZIE, William W. (1860-1923) of Scone. Lawyer and industrial arbitrator. Chairman, Riy. National Wages Bd. (1920-26), Royal Commission on licensing (1929-31) and on Newfoundland (1935). Chairman, Royal Society of Arts (1937-38).

The son of the steward.

MacKINNON, Donald M. (1913-) of Oban. Professor of Divinity, Cambridge Univ. (I960-). Lecturer on philosophy and religion.

MacKINNON, Quintin (-d.1892) of Argyll. Surveyor and explorer. Discovered MacKinnon's Pass in New Zealand about 1888.

MacKINNON, Sir William (1823-93) of Campbeltown, Argyll. Founder of the British East Africa Co. In 1878 following negotiations with the Sultan of Zanzibar, MacKinnon secured by lease, large strips of the East African coast for Great Britain.

MacKINTOSH, Angus M. (1915-) of Inverness. Sometime British High Commissioner in Ceylon. Ambassador to the Republic of Maldives (1969-).

MacKINTOSH, Charles Rennie (1868-1928) of Glasgow. Architect and decorative designer who exercised considerable influence on European design. The Scottish Pavilion at the Turin Exhibition (1902) was his work, as was Queen's Cross Church, Glasgow.

MacKINTOSH, Elizabeth (-d.1952) of Inverness. Novelist and play-wright. Her best known novel Kip (1929) was written under her pen-name 'Gordon Daviot'.

MacKINTOSH, Sir James (1765-1832) of Aldowrie, Loch Ness. Jour-nalist, historian, philosopher and statesman. Was Professor of Law at East India Coll., Haileybury (1818-24).

The son of Lachlan. The family are descended from Gilchrist, grandson of Anradan, the son of Gillebride, King of the Isles in the twelfth century.

MacLAREN, Charles (1782-1866) of Ormiston, E.Lothian. Writer and first editor of the Scotsman. Edited the Encyclopaedia Britannica (6th ed.)

MacLAREN, Sir Hamish (1898-) of Banffshire. Director of Electrical Engineering, Admiralty (1945-60).

McLAREN, Hugh C. (1913-) of Glasgow. Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Birmingham (1951-).

McLAREN, John (1845-) of Bannockburn. Gardener who designed the Golden Gate Park in San Francisco.

McLAUGHLIN, John. A Scottish chemist in Toronto. Invented the popular soft drink 'Canada Dry' about 1890.

The son of Lawrence.

MacLAURIN, Colin (1698-1746) of Kilmodan, Argyll. Mathematician. His Treatise on Fluxions (1742) was of great importance. Was also the author of A Treatise on Algebra. Elected FRS in 1719.

The son of Gillean. The family are descended from Gillian-ni-Tuiodth, who fought in the battle of Largs.

MacLEAN, Alistair (1922-87) of Deviot, Inverness-shire. Novelist and playwright. Was Britain's best selling author, and one of the world's most successful adventure writers. H.M.S. Ulysses, The Guns of Navarone and Where Eagles Dare are but three of his many exciting books. Has had 13 of his novels made into films. Described himself as a businessman whose business is writing.

MacLEAN, Allan (1840-1911) Scottish statesman who became Premier and First Secretary of Victoria, Australia (1899-1900). Minister of Trade and Customs, Commonwealth Parliament of Australia (1904-05).

MacLEAN, Sir Charles H. Fitzroy, Baron (life peer). Chief Scout of the British Commonwealth and Empire (1959-71). The Lord Chamberlain, The Organiser of Princess Anne's wedding. The Queen's Silver Jubilee Celebration, Lord Mountbatten's Funeral and Prince Charles' Wedding.

MacLEAN, Donald M. (1899-) of the Isle of Lewis. Was Com-modore Captain, Cunard Fleet and Commander RMS Queen Elizabeth (1960-62).

MacLEAN, Sir Fitzroy Hew (1911-) of Dunconnel. Diplomat and soldier. Distinguished himself as Commander of the British military mission to the Jugoslav partisans (1943-45).

MacLEAN, Sir Harry (Kaid) (c. 1848-1920) of Mull. Sometime Commander in Chief of the Sultan of Morocco's Army.

McLEAN, Sir Kenneth G. (1896-). Educated in Edinburgh. Lieut.-General, Deputy Adjutant-General GHQ Far East (1945-46). Chief of Staff CCG and Deputy Military Governor British Zone, Germany (1949), Chief Staff Officer, Min. of Defence (1951-52).

MacLEHOSE, Crawford Murray, Lord MacLehose of Beoch, Ayr-shire, (1917-) Diplomat, Governor and Commander in Chief, Hong Kong (1971-82), Ambassador to Vietnam (1967-69) and to Denmark (1969-71).

The son of Lellan. The family are descended from David MacLellan, 1217.

MacLELLAN, George D. (1922-) of Glasgow. Professor and Head of Engineering, Univ. of Liverpool (1965-). Visiting professor, Michigan State Univ. (1955-58).

MacLELLAN, Robert (1907-) of Lesmahagow. Playwright. He wrote for the Citizen's Theatre and later for the BBC. His works incl. The Changeling (1935), The Flowers 0' Edinburgh (1947) and The Hypocrite (1970).

MacLENNAN, Sir lan (1909-) of Glasgow. Appointed British High Commissioner in New Zealand in 1964.

The son of Leod. The family are descended from Malcolm, son of Termed Macleod, temp. David II.

MacLEOD, Donald (Donny) (1932-) of Stornoway. TV Presenter on Pebble Mill (1973-), Saturday Night at the Mill, The Best of Scottish, etc.

MacLEOD, Very Revd George F. (Baron MacLeod of Fuinary). (1895-). Lecturer on Evangelism. First holder of Fosdick Professorship (Rockefeller Foundation), Union Theological Seminary, New York (1954-55).

MacLEOD, lan Norman (1913-1970). Politician and Cabinet Minis-ter. Minister of Health (1952-55) of Labour and National Service (1955-59), Sec. of State, Colonies (1959-61), Chairman, Conservative Party (1961-63), Editor of The Spectator (1964-65) and Chancellor of the Exchequer when he died.

MacLEOD, John James Rickard (1876-1935) of Cluny, near Dunkeld. Physiologist. Professor of Physiology at Cleveland, Ohio (1903-18), Toronto (1918-28). Celebrated for his work on the isolation of insulin, (1922) for which he won a Nobel Prize. His father belonged to Wick, Caithness.

MacLEOD, Norman (1812-72) of Campbeltown. Divine and writer. Appointed Chaplain to Queen Victoria in 1857.

The son of Michael, which signifies, Who is like God?

MacMILLAN, Daniel (1813-57). Scottish publisher. Was employed as a bookseller in Irvine and Glasgow before moving to London where he became senior partner in the publishing business which was founded in 1843, now MacMillan Ltd.

MacMILLAN of MacMILLAN, Sir Gordon H. A. (1897-). General, GSO 2 War Office and Eastern Commd. (1937-40), GSI (1940-41), Brigade General Staff UK and N. Africa (1941-43), Commander Infantry Brigade, Sicily (1943), 15th Scottish and 51st Highland Divs. (1943-45), GOC Palestine (1947-48), C in C, Scottish Commd. and Gov. of Edinburgh Castle (1949-52) and Governor and C in C Gibraltar (1952-55).

MacMILLAN, Harold Earl MacMillan of Stockton (1894-1986), born in London, son of Daniel MacMillan, an Arran Crofter. Prime Minister of Gt. Britain (1957-63). The standard of living rose at a greater rate during his administration than at any other time in British history. Known as 'Super Mac' he is also remembered for his 'Wind of Change' warning on Africa in 1960.

MacMILLAN, Kenneth (1929-) Scottish choreographer and dancer. Director of the Royal Ballet (1970-77).

MacMILLAN, Kirkpatrick (1813-78) of Courthill, Dumfriesshire. Blacksmith. Invented the first bicycle to be propelled by cranks and pedals, about 1840. He was known locally as 'Daft Pate', and was an unofficial dentist who pulled teeth from both horses and men. A replica of his cycle can be seen in the Science Museum, South Kensington. He was fined 5/- (the first recorded fine for a cycle offence) for knocking over a child.

MacMILLAN, Margaret (1860-1931), born at Westchester, New York State of Scottish parents. Pioneer social worker and educationist. In 1923 she became the first president of the Nursery School Assoc., and in 1930 the Rachel MacMillan College was opened. It is now a constituent of the University of London Institute of Education.

MacMILLAN, Norman (1892-) of Glasgow. Author and test pilot. Was pilot of the first attempt to fly around the world in 1922, First flight London to Sweden in one day. Chief test pilot, Fairy Aviation Co. (1929-30) and Armstrong Siddeley Development Co. (1931-32). Produced many publications on flying.

MacMILLAN, Rachel (1859-1917) sister of Margaret MacMillan. Educationist. The Rachel MacMillan Training College bears her name.

MacMILLAN, Roddie (-d.1979) of Anderston, Glasgow. Actor on screen and TV. Probably best remembered for his parts in TV's Para Handy and The View from Daniel Pyke.

MacMURRAY, John (1891-) of Maxwellton. Scholar and lecturer on philosophy, Univ. of Manchester (1919), Professor at Univ. of Wit-watersrand, Johannesburg, and Professor of the Philosophy of Mind and Logic at the Univ. of London (1928-44).

The son of Nab, which signifies the top of the mountain.

MacNAB of MacNAB, Archibald C. (1886-1970). Commissioner at Rawalpindi (1934), Administrator, Jahore (1937), Commissioner, Jullundur (1940) and Financial Commissioner, Punjab (1945).

McNAIR, James Jamieson (1917-). Air Vice-Marshal (Ret.). Principal Medical Officer, HQ Support Commd. RAF (1974-77). Was Director of Health and Research, MOD (1971-74).

McNAUGHT, John (1813-81) of Paisley. Engineer and inventor of the compound steam engine.

McNEE, Sir David ((1925-) of Glasgow. Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police (1977-82). He was made a Freeman of the City of London in 1977.

The son of Neil. The family are descended from Auradan, son of Gillebride, King of the Isles in the twelfth century.

MacNEIL of BARRA (Robert Lister) (1889-1970). Chairman of Inven-tions Board, British Purchasing Commission, USA and founder of American Committee for Defence of British Homes (1939-45). Boston Univ. Resident Architect (1949-51).

McNEILL, Alister A. C. (1884-) of Glasgow. Major-General (1941). Hon. Surgeon to the King (1935-43). McNEILL, Florence M. of Orkney. Author, journalist, lecturer and broadcaster.

McNEILL, Sir James, Chief designer of RMSs Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth for John Brown of Clydebank.

Sir Neil Campbell of Lochow married a daughter of Sir John Cameron of Lochiel, and was father of Duncan Campbell of Inverawe in Argyleshire, temp. David II, whose son Dougal Campbell, was father of Duncan Campbell, who was called in Celtic MacDowill Vic Con-achie. The surname of MacConachie was thus adopted by the Inverawe family, although the cadets still used that of Campbell.

McPETRIE, James Stewart (1902-) of Aberdeenshire. Director-General of Electronics Research and Development at Min. of Aviation (1958-62). Director, Racal Electronics (1965-69)

The son of Pherson. The family are descended from Gille Chattan More, Chief of Clan Chattan, temp. Malcolm Canmore.

MacPHERSON, Sir David Lewis (1818-96) from Inverness-shire. Politician and Canadian Railway builder. MacPHERSON, Sir Hubert Taylor (1827-86). Major-General at Tel-el-Kebir (1882).

MacPHERSON, James (1736-96) of Ruthven, near Kingussie. Poet and translator. Appointed Surveyor-General of the Florides (1764), and in 1779, Agent to the Nabob of Arcot. Buried in the 'Poet's Corner' of Westminster Abbey.

MacPHERSON, Sir John (1745-1821) of Sleat, Isle of Skye. Appointed Governor-General of India in 1785.

McPHERSON, Sir John (1898-) of Edinburgh. Colonial servant and businessman. Governor of Nigeria (1948-54) and Gov.-General, Federation of Nigeria (1954-55). Permanent Under-Secretary, of State for the Colonies (1956-59).

MacQUARIE, Lachlan (1761-1824) of Isle ofUlva. Major-General and Governor of New South Wales, Australia (1809-21). Sometimes affectionately called the 'father of Australia'.

The son of Owen. The family are descended from the Macdonalds, Lords of the Isles. Early in the fifteenth century, Roderick Dhu Revan Macqueen settled in Invernesshire, where he had received from the Earls of Moray a grant of the lands of Corrybrough.

MacRAE, James (c. 1674-1744) of Ochiltree, Ayrshire. Seaman who became Governor of Madras (1725-31).

McROBERT, Sir George R. (1895-) of Aberdeen. Consulting physician, Hosp. for Tropical Diseases, London Univ. Coll. Hospital.

The son of Roderick. The family are descended from Roderick, grandson of Somerled, Thane of Argyll.

The son of the priest.

MacTAGGART, Sir George R. (1895-) of Ayrshire. Civil engineer. Was responsible for the construction of hydroelectric developments in Italy, India and East Africa, and the construction of large irrigation and railway works in Iraq.

McTAGGART, William (1835-1910) of Machrihanish. Artist and landscape painter. MacTAGGART, Sir William (1903-81). Grandson of William McTaggart. Artist. President of RSA (1959-).

McVEY, Sir Daniel (1892-) of Falkirk. Sometime chairman, Dunlop Rubber Australia Ltd., and British Aircraft Corp. (Australia) Ltd., and several other companies.

McVITTIE, George C. (1904-), educated Edinburgh and Cambridge. Professor of Astronomy, Univ. of Illinois (1952-). Sec. American Astronomical Society (1961-). Published several books on cosmology.

McWHIRTER, Norris Dewar (1925-). Author, publisher and broadcaster. Director, Guinness Superlatives Ltd. since 1954; (Managing Director 1954-56).

McWHIRTER, Robert (1904-) of Glasgow ? Professor of Medical Radiology. Lecturer, American Roentgen Ray Society (1963).

MAIN, Alexander, a Scot who in 1839 invented a soot distributing machine which became the first mechanical means of distributing dry fertiliser.

MAIR, William (1830-1920) of Aberdeenshire. Divine and writer. A pioneer in church reunion.

MAIR, George B. (1914-) of Mauchline, Ayrshire. Surgeon and author. His admission that he had practised euthanasia caused a sensation when his book Confessions of a Surgeon appeared in 1974.

Meadow land. The family are descended from Thomas- de Matulant, temp. William the Lion.

Maitland, Alastair G. (1916-). Director-General of Trade Develop-ment, British Consulate, New York (1968-).

Maitland, Donald J. Dundas (1922-) of Edinburgh. Ambassador to Libya (1969-70), Chief of Downing St. Press Office (1970-73) and British representative on UN Security Council (1973-).

Maitland, Sir Richard (1496-1586) of Lethington. Poet, lawyer and historian. His poetic works consisted mostly of laments for the State of Scotland, the feuds of the nobles and the discontents of the common people. Was made Lord Privy Seal in 1562.

MALCOLM, Sir John (1769-1833) of Burnfoot, Langholm. General, administrator, diplomat and writer. Envoy to Persia (1800, 1807 and 1810). Governor of Bombay (1826-30). He wrote Political History of India (1811), History of Persia (1818) and Administration of India (1833). Buried in Westminster Abbey.

MANSON, George (1850-76) of Edinburgh. Painter and wood engraver. MANSON, Sir Patrick (1844-1922) of Oldmeldrum. Known as the father of tropical medicine. The first, jointly with Sir Ronald Ross, to discover that parasites were transmitted by insects. He was sometimes known as 'Mosquito Manson'.

MAR, John Erskine, llth Earl of (1675-1756). Scottish Jacobite famed as the leader of the 1715 rebellion.

MARGARET, Saint (1045-93). Scottish saint and Queen. Married Malcolm III in 1070. Deeply religious she influenced her husband to reform abuses in the church.

Margery's banks. The name was given to certain lands from their early owner, Margery, daughter of Robert Bruce. The family are descended from the Johnstons, whose arms they bear.

A servant, a vassal. The family are descended from Sir Walter Maign, temp. David Bruce.

Local: from the district of Mar in Aberdeenshire.

MARSHALL, William Calder (1813-94) of Edinburgh. Sculptor (RA 1852). Famed for busts and memorial statues, including the group Agriculture on the Albert Memorial.

MARTELL, Lena (1959-) of Glasgow. Popular singer who has appeared in all the best clubs in Britain. She has also appeared in the London Palladium, London's Festival Hall, and in Hong Kong, South Africa, Australia and Canada. Lena Martell has written more than 30 songs.

MARTIN, Martin (?-d.l719) of Skye. Author and traveller. His book A Description of the Western Isles aroused Dr Johnson's interest in Scotland.

MARTIN, Sir Theodore (1816-1909) of Edinburgh. Lawyer and author. Became a parliamentary solicitor in London. Was requisitioned by Queen Victoria to write the Life of the Prince Consort (5 vols. 1875-80).

MARY, QUEEN of SCOTS (1542-87). Queen of Scotland and Queen-Consort of France. Mary was a Queen before she was a week old. She was beheaded in 1587 after Elizabeth I of England signed her death warrant.

MASSON, David (1822-1907) of Aberdeen. Scholar and literary critic. The biographer of Milton. His Life of John Milton (6 vols. 1859-80) has been described as the most complete biography of any Englishman.

MATTHEW, Sir Robert Hogg (1906-75) of Edinburgh. Architect. From 1946 to 1953 he was architect to the London County Council. Was joint designer of the Royal Festival Hall (1951). His buildings incl. New Zealand House (1958-63) and the Commonwealth Institute (1959-62).

MATTHEWS, James (1889-) of Perthshire. Professor of Botany, Univ. of Reading (1929-34), Univ. of Aberdeen and Keeper of Cruickshank Botanic Gardens (1934-59).

MATTHISON. The son of Matthew. The family are de-scended from Matthew, son of Kenneth ancestor of the Mackenzies.

Local: from the town of Maule in France. Gaurin de Maule came into England with William the Conqueror; his descendant, William de Maule, settled in Scotland, temp. David I, where he received a grant of the lordship of Foulis, in which he was succeeded by his nephew, Sir Richard de Maule, who was the ancestor of the Scottish family of Maule.

MAXTON, James (1885-1946) of Glasgow. Politician. Chairman, Independent Labour Party (1926).

Local: from the lands of Macchuswell, now Maxwell, in Dumfriesshire. The family are descended from Herbert de Macchuswell, temp. Malcolm IV.

Maxwell, Sir Aymer (1891-) of Kirkcudbrightshire. Major-General (ret. 1944). Chairman, British Legion, Scotland (1954-58). Member of the Queen's Bodyguard for Scotland (the Royal Company of Archers).

Maxwell, James Clerk (sometimes Clerk-Maxwell) (1831-79) of Galloway. Physicist. First Professor of Experimental Physics at Cambridge (1871). He first forecast the possibility of radio transmission (1865), invented automatic control system (1868) and was creator of the electromagnetic theory of light. Described as the father of modern science, he was one of Scotland's greatest sons.

Maxwell, Robert, Lord (c.1493-1546) of Edinburgh. Statesman and member of the Royal Council under James V. He was also an extraordinary Lord of Session in 1533 and one of the Regents in 1536.

Maxwell, Sir William G. C. (1882-1965) son of George Maxwell of New Galloway. Rear Admiral (1934). Recalled as Flag Officer, Tyne Area (1939-46).

Good, pleasant.

MEIKE, David E.C. (1902-) of Edinburgh. Professor of Clinical Surgery, Univ. of Malaya (1935-55). Surgeon, Singapore General Hosp. and Hon. Surgical Consultant, Far East Command.

MEIKLE, Andrew (1719-1811) from near Dunbar. A prolific inventor. Fantail gear (1750) and governing sails for windmills (1772), Grain dressing machine (1768) and a Drum threshing machine (1784) were only four of his inventions.


Local: from the lands of Melvil in Mid Lo thian. The family are descended from Galfridus de Melville, 1165.

Melville, Andrew (1545-1622) of Montrose. Presbyterian theologian and religious reformer. Was Professor of Humanity at Geneva Academy (1568-74). He was repeatedly Moderator of the Church Assembly of the Church of Scotland. He helped to bring about the fall of episcopacy in Scotland.

Melville, Archibald (1912-) of Edinburgh. Was appointed Director of Agriculture, Kenya in 1960.

Melville, Sir Harry (1908-) of Edinburgh. Appointed Secretary to the Committee of the Privy Council for Scientific and Industrial Research in 1956. Member, Governing Board of National Institute for Research in Nuclear Science (1957-).

Melville, Herman (1819-91), New York son of a Scottish merchant. Novelist and poet. Remembered for his famous Moby Dick (1851), which came to be regarded as one of the greatest novels of American literature.

Melville, Sir James (c. 1535-1617) of Hallhill, Fife. Historical writer and diplomat. A member of the household of Mary, Queen of Scots, he carried out various missions for her.

Melville, James (1556-1614) of Montrose. Reformer, tutor and professor of oriental languages.

Melville, Thomas (1726-53) of Glasgow. Scientist. Was the first (1752) to study the spectra of luminous gases.

Originally Meyners, and derived from the English family of Manners. The Scottish branch are descended from Robert de Meyners, temp. Alexander II.

Menzies, Andrew. Was the inventor of horse and manpowered coal cutting machines in 1863.

Menzies, Sir Laurence J. (1906-) of Cupar Angus. In 1957 he was appointed Adviser to the Governors of the Bank of England.

Menzies, Michael (d.1766) of East Lothian. Advocate and inventor. Was the first to suggest thrashing grain with a machine. He invented the first mechanical thrasher in 1734. A water-powered machine driving a number of whirling flails. In 1750 he invented a machine for conveying coal from the coal face to the bottom of the pit shaft.

Menzies, Sir Robert (1891-1967) of Edinburgh. President Upper India Chamber of Commerce (1939-41 and 1944-45), Chairman, Federation of Woollen Manufacturers in India (1941-47) and other companies.

Menzies, Sir Robert Gordon (1897-1969) of Japarit, Australia, of Scottish descent. Prime Minister of Australia (1939-41 and 1949-66).

Menzies, Thomas (1893-1969) of Aberdeenshire. Professor of Tropical Medicine, Royal Army Medical Coll. (1940). Major-General (1949). Served in RAMC in 1914-18 and 1939-45 wars. Director of Medical Services, GHQ MELF (1948-50). Hon. Physician to the King (1949-52).

MERCER, Sir Walter (1890-) of Midlothian. Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery and Fellow, Royal Soc. of Medicine and Assoc. of Surgeons, Gt. Britain and Ireland.

MICHIE, Charles W. (1907-) of Aberdeenshire. Permanent Sec. to N.Region, Min. of Agriculture in Nigeria (1957-60). Consul for Spanish Territories of Gulf of Guinea, and Labour Officer, Nigerian Dept. of Labour (1940- 42).

MICKLE, William Julius (1735-88) of Langholm. Poet. Best remembered for 'There's nae Luck Aboot the Hoose'.

MILL, James (1773-1836) from near Montrose. Philosopher, editor, and writer. Wrote History of British India (1817-18). Appointed Asst. Examiner in Charge of the Revenue Dept. of the East India Co. (1819) and in 1832 head of the Examiner's Office where he had control of all the departments of Indian administration.

MILL IRVING, David J. (1904-) of Edinburgh. Ambassador to Costa Rica (1956-61). Special Ambassador for the inauguration of the Presi-dent of Honduras (1957) and of Costa Rica (1958).

MILLAR, Betsy (1793-1864) of Saltcoats, Ayrshire. First woman ever to be registered at Lloyd's as a ship's captain.

MILLAR, Patrick (1731-1815) from near Dumfries. Inventor and projector of steam navigation.

MILLAR of ORTON, Robert Kirkpatrick (1901-) of Morayshire. Major-General, Commanded Royal Engineers 15th (Scottish) Div. (1942-43) in France and Germany. Chief Engineer, London District (1949-51), Scottish Commd. (1951-53) Engineer in Chief, Pakistan Army (1953-57).

MILLER, Hugh (1802-56) of Cromarty. Stonemason and geologist, writer and editor. Old Red Sandstone (1841) is considered his best geological work.

MILLER, Sir James (1905-1977) of Edinburgh. Architect. Lord Provost of Edinburgh (1951-54) and Lord Mayor of London (1964-65).

MILLER, James (1812-64) of Eassie, Forfarshire. Surgeon. Professor of Surgery at Edinburgh Univ. (1842-64). One of the foremost surgeons of his day.

MILLER, Maxwell of Glasgow. In 1850 he invented an improved still for distilling and rectifying spirits.

MILLER, William (1810-72) of Glasgow. Poet best remembered for his poem 'Wee Willie Winkie'. He was called the 'Laureate of the nursery'.

MILLER, William (1838-1923) of Thurso. Missionary to India. Founder of Madras Christian College.

MILN, James (1819-81). Antiquary. Made excavations at a Roman site at Carnac, Brittany (1872-80). Miln Museum, Carnac contains the collection.

A mill.

Milne, Alasdair (1930-) born in India, son of an Aberdeen surgeon. Director-General of the BBC (1982-87) Controller BBC Scotland (1968-72), Director of programmes BBC TV (1973-77) and Managing Director BBC TV (1977-82).

Milne, Alexander (1891-) of Skene, Aberdeenshire. Engineer, en-gaged from 1927 on opening up and development of Cochin Harbour, S.India. Chief Engineer Cochin Harbour (1941-48).

Milne, Sir David (1763-1845) of Edinburgh. Admiral, known as 'The Hero of Algiers'. Was C in C Plymouth (1842-45).

Milne, William (1785-1822) of Kinnethmont, Aberdeenshire. Missionary in China.

Milne, William (1815-63) son of the above William. Was also a missionary in China.

Milne, William P. (1881-1967) of Longside, Aberdeenshire. Was Professor of Mathematics at the Univ. of Leeds (1919-46).

Milne HENDERSON, Thomas M. S. (1888-1968) of Edinburgh. Sur-veyor in charge of Marine Survey of India (1930-35). Appointed Capt. Supt., HM Indian Naval Dockyard, Bombay and Chief of Staff RIN in 1937.

MINTO, Gilbert Elliot, 1st Earl of (1751-1814) of Edinburgh. Governor-General of India (1807-13), a post he held with great ability.

MINTO, Gilbert John Elliot, 4th Earl of (1845-1914). Soldier and administrator. He was Governor-General of Canada (1898-1904) and Viceroy of India (1905-10).

MINTO, William (1845-93) of Alford, Aberdeenshire. Critic and biographer. Went to London and became editor of The Examiner. He also wrote for the Daily News and Pall Mall Gazette.


Mitchell, Arthur J. (1893-1967) of Montrose. Civil Engineer, Director, Colonial Development Corp. (1949-51). Regional Controller, CDC for Central Africa and the High Commission Territories (1951-53).

Mitchell, Sir Peter Chalmers (1864-1945) of Dunfermline. Biologist, Zoologist and writer. Sec. of the Zoological Soc. of London (1903-35). His publications incl. Outlines of Biology (1894), The Nature of Man (1903) and The Childhood of Animals (1912).

Mitchell, Sir Thomas Livingstone (1792-1855) of Craigend, Stir-lingshire. Explorer and surveyor. Surveyor-General of New South Wales (1828-). In four expeditions (1831, 1835, 1845 and 1847) he did much to explore eastern and tropical Australia.

MITCHISON, Naomi M., of Edinburgh. Novelist. The Conquered (1923), When the Bough Breaks (1924) and Cloud Cuckoo Land are three of her best works.

Local: from the town of Moffat in Dumfries-shire. The family dates back to the time of Sir William Wallace.

Moffat, James (1890-1944) of Glasgow. Theologian. Held professor-ships at Mansfield Coll., Oxford (1911-14), the U.F. Church Coll., Glasgow (1914-27) and the Union Theological Seminary, New York (1927-39). He translated the Bible into modern English.

Moffat, Robert (1795-1883) of Ormiston, E.Lothian. Missionary and explorer in Africa. He printed both New (1840) and Old (1857) Testaments in Sechwana language. David Livingstone married his daughter.

MOIR, John C. (1900-) of Montrose. Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the Univ. of Oxford (1937-). Was visiting professor, Queen's Univ., Ontario (1950).

MOLESWORTH, Mary Louisa (1839-1921), born at Rotterdam of Scottish descent, her maiden name being Stewart. Novelist and writer of children's books. The Carved Lion (1895) considered by many to have been her best. In all she wrote over a hundred books.

MOLLISON, James Allan (1905-59) of Glasgow. Airman. Won fame for his record flight, Australia to England in 1931. Made the first solo East-West crossing of the North Atlantic in 1932, and in 1933 the first England to South America flight.

MONBODDO, (James Burnett) Lord (1714-99) of Kincardinshire. Judge, philosopher and philologist. Wrote An Essay on the Origin and Progress of Language (6 vols. 1773-92) and Ancient Metaphysics (6 vols. 1779-99). He argued man's affinity to the orangoutang, and this in a way anticipated Darwin's theory.

Local: from the barony of Moncrief in Perthshire. The family are descended from Ramerus de Moncrief, 1107.

Moncrieff, Sir Alexander (1829-1906) of Perthshire. Soldier and inventor. In 1868 he invented and developed the 'Moncrieff pit, or disappearing system'. A method of mounting heavy guns in coastal batteries. The gun disappearing after firing and reappearing when required through the use of stored recoil energy.

The family are descended from George Monro of Fowlis, temp. Alexander II.

Monro, Alexander (1), (1697-1767) Scottish anatomist. One of the founders of the Edinburgh Infirmary. MONRO, Alexander (2), (1733-1817) of Edinburgh, son of (1). Anatomist. His most important work was his Observations on the Structure and Function of the Nervous System (1783). He wrote on the physiology of fish (1785) and on the brain, eye, and ear (1797). Was the first (1767) to describe the use of a stomach tube.

Monro, Alexander (3), (1773-1859) son of (2). Anatomist, succeeded his father. Wrote on hernia, the stomach and human anatomy. Elected FRS of Edinburgh.

Local: from the district of Monteith. Walter, son of Walter, Lord High Steward of Scotland, married the descendant of one of the old Earls of Monteith, and became Earl of Monteith in 1263 ; his sons Alexander, Earl of Monteith and Sir John Monteith, were the an-cestors of the family.

MONTGOMERIE, Alexander (c.1556-1610) of Ayrshire. Poet. In 1577 he became one of James VII's 'Castalian Band' of court poets. His chief poem is 'The Cherrie and the Slae' (1597) which contained many beautiful passages. Montgomerie also introduced the Sonnet to Scotland.

The name is of Norman origin. Roger de Montgomerie came into England with William the Conqueror; his son Philip de Montgomerie, who settled in Scotland, where he received a grant of the lands of Eaglesham in Renfrew-shire and died in 1140, was the ancestor of the Scottish family of Montgomery.

Montgomery, James (1771-1854) of Irvine. Poet, hymn-writer and journalist. In 1810 he published a volume of verse The West Indies appealing for the abolition of the slave trade. He started and edited the Sheffield Iris (1794-1825). 'Forever with the Lord' was his best known hymn.

Montgomery, Lucy Maud (1874-1942), born in Canada of Scottish descent. Novelist. Her first novel Anne of Green Gables (1908) was an international best seller.

MONTROSE, (James A. Graham) 7th Duke of, (1907-). Minister of Agriculture, Lands and Natural Resources in Southern Rhodesia (1964) and Minister of External Affairs and Defence, S. Rhodesia (1966-68).

MONTROSE (James Graham) 1st Marquis of (1612-50). The Great Montrose'. General and statesman. He also wrote a number of lyrics, the best known of which is 'My Dear and Only Love'. He was executed in Edinburgh.

MOODIE, Donald (-d.1861) of Melsetter, Orkney. Naval Com-mander. Was Colonial Secretary at Natal (1845-51).

Great, tall.

Moore, John (1729-1802) of Stirling. Novelist and surgeon. Moore's Journal of a Residence in France (1793) was made use of by Carlyle.

Moore, Sir John (1761-1809) of Glasgow. General. Distinguished himself in the descent upon Corsica (1794). Served with great distinc-tion in the West Indies (1796), Ireland (1798). Holland (1799), Egypt (1801), Sicily and Sweden (1802) and Spain (1808-09).

Vide, Murray.

Moray, (James Stuart) Earl of (1531-70). Appointed Regent of Scotland (1567) and was one of the Commissioners sent to England to conduct negotiations against Mary, Queen of Scots.

MORISON, Robert (1620-83) of Aberdeen. Botanist and physician. Sometime in charge of the gardens of the Duke of Orleans. Charles II made him one of his physicians. Morison was Botanist Royal and Professor of Botany at Oxford.

MORRISON, Alexander (1917-), educ. Edinburgh. Controller of Services, Greater London Council (1970-). Executive Director Highways and Transportation (1967-69) and other appointments in equipment control and supply.

MORRISON, Charles, of Greenock. Surgeon who in 1753 was the first projector of the Electric Telegraph. MORRISON, George (c.1704-99). Scottish General, Military Engineer and Quartermaster-General.

MORRISON, Dr G. E. (1862-1920). A scot who became known as 'Chinese Morrison' or 'Morrison of Peking'.

MORRISON, Peter (1940-) of Greenock. Lawyer and singing star. Made a name for himself on TV since 1971.

MORRISON, Robert (1782-1834) from near Jedburgh. Missionary. In 1818 he established the Anglo-Chinese College at Malacca. Completed in 1823 his great Chinese dictionary.

MORRISON, Stuart L. (1922-) of Glasgow. Professor of Social Medicine. Member of scientific staff, Medical Research Council, Social Research Unit (1956-62). Visiting fellow, Epidemiology and Statistics, Univ. ofN. Carolina (1961-62).

The name is of Norman origin. The Scottish branch of the family are descended from Alanus de Mortimer, who in 1126, acquired the barony of Aberdour by marriage with the daughter and heiress of John de Vipont.

Local: from the parish of Morton in Dumfriesshire.

Morton, Thomas (1781-1832). Scottish shipbuilder and inventor (about 1822) of the patent slip which provided a cheap substitute for a dry dock.

MOTHERWELL, William (1797-1835) of Glasgow. Poet and jour-nalist. His Minstrelsy Ancient and Modern (1827) was a collection of Scottish ballads with an historical introduction.

MOUNSEY Dr James of Lochmaben. Became Court physician to Catherine the Great of Russia. It was he who introduced rhubarb to Britain from Russia.

MOUNT STEVEN (George Steven) Baron (1829-1921) of Dufftown, Banffshire. Financier. Became President of the Bank of Montreal. In partnership with his cousin Donald Smith (later Lord Strathcona) he purchased the St Paul and Pacific Railway, and started the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which was completed in 1885.

Originally De Monte Alto. The family are descended from Michael De Monto Alto, 1252.

Mowat, Sir Oliver (1820-1903) son of John Mowat a Freswick, Caithness soldier. A great advocate of the union of Canada into a dominion. Premier and Attorney-General of Ontario, Canada (1872-96) and Lieut.-Governor (1897-).

Mowat, Robert A. (1843-1925) Scotsman who became a Judge of the Court of HBM of Japan in 1891.


MUIR, Edwin (1887-1959) ofDeerness, Orkney. Poet, novelist, translator and biographer. Son of a crofter, he became Professor of Poetry at Harvard, USA. He is acknowledged as one of Scotland's most distinguished poets of the twentieth century.

MUIR, Ernest (1880-) educ. Edinburgh. Medical missionary to U.F. Church in Kalna, Bengal (1905-20), Medical Supt., Leper settlement, Chacachacare (1904-45). MUIR, John (1838-1914) of Dunbar. Naturalist, inventor, explorer and conservationist. Became known as 'Father of United States Conservation'. His inventions incl. a self-setting water powered sawmill, various locks, hygrometers, pyrometers, clocks, etc.

MUIR, John C. (1902-). Senior Agricultural Officer, Zanzibar (1935), Director of Agriculture, Zanzibar (1941), Trinidad (1944) and Tanganyika (1948).

The head of the moor.

Muirhead, John Henry (1855-1940) of Glasgow. Philosopher. Editor of Library of Philosophy (1890) and professor at Mersey Coll., Birmingham (1897-1921).

MUNRO, Ferguson R., Viscount Novar (I860-). Governor-General of Australia (1914-18).

MUNRO, Sir Hector (1726-1805) of Novar. Soldier and General who distinguished himself in India. MUNRO, Hugh A.J. (1819-95) of Elgin. Classical scholar. Professor of Latin at Cambridge (1869-72). His greatest achievement was an edition of Locretius.

MUNRO, Neil (1864-1930) of Inveraray. Novelist, poet and journalist. Editor of Glasgow Evening News (1918-27). Wrote a number of historical novels incl. Doom Castle (1901) and Children of the Tempest (1903). Probably best remembered for his Para Handy series, beginning with the Vital Spark (1906).

MUNRO, Robert (1835-1920). Scottish archaeologist. His writings incl.. Lake Dwellings of Scotland (1882), Lake Dwellings of Europe (1890) Lake Dwellings of Bosnia (1896) and Prehistoric Britain (1914).

MUNRO, Sir Thomas (1761-1827) of Glasgow. Soldier and Governor. Rendered good service to General Wellesley (later Duke of Wellington). Appointed Governor of Madras in 1819, a post he held for seven years with marked success. He promoted the education of natives and championed their rights.

MUNRO, William (1900-) of Kilmarnock. Queen's Counsellor. Called to the Bar in the Straits Settlement (1927), Jehore, Singapore, and Malaya (1927-57).

MURCHISON, Sir Roderick Impey (1792-1871) of Tarradale, Ross-shire. Geologist. His establishment of the Silurian system won him European fame. In 1844 he foreshadowed the discovery of gold in Australia. Was President of the British Assoc. in 1846 and appointed Director-General of the Geographical Survey and Royal School of Mines in 1855.

MURCHLAND, William of Kilmarnock. Patented a vacuum milking machine in 1889, using a column of water to create a vacuum.

MURDOCH, Sir Walter (1874-1970) of Aberdeenshire. Chancellor of the Univ. of Western Australia (1943-47), Lecturer at the Univ. of Melbourne and leader writer in the Melbourne Argus. MURE, Sir William (1594-1657) of Rowallan, Ayrshire. Poet. Wrote The True Crucifixe for True Catholikes (1629), and a fine version of the Psalms (1639).

MURDOCK (originally Murdoch) William, (1754-1839) of Bello Mill, Old Cumnock, Ayrshire. A prolific inventor. In 1785 he invented a steam tricycle, gas lighting from coal (1796-1803), a steam cannon (1803), worm-driven cylinder-boring machine (1810) and a crown-saw boring machine. He also perfected underwater paint for ships. By trade he was a miller and millwright.

The family is of common origin with the Moors of Kent, and also with the great Irish house of Moor. The name has been written Moore, Moor, More, Muir, and Mure. The Scottish branch of the family are descended from Sir Reginald Mure, Chamberlain of Scotland in 1329.

A warlike tribe called the Moravii came at an early day from Germany to Scotland, and gave their name to the district now called Moray or Murray. The family name was originally de Moravia, and they are descended from Friskinus de Moravia, temp. David II.

Murray, Alexander (1775-1813) of Kirkcudbright. Philologist who acquired a mastery of the classics. Became Minister of Urr (in 1806) and Professor of Oriental languages, Edinburgh (1812).

Murray, Charles (1864-1941) of Alford, Aberdeenshire. Poet and civil engineer. Was for some time, chief engineer and secretary for Public Works in the Union of South Africa. His poems in Aberdeen-shire dialect were locally popular.

Murray, Charles (Chic) (-1985) Thomas McKinnon, of Greenock. Comedian on stage and TV.

Murray, Colin R. B. (1892-) of Ross-shire. Deputy Director of Intelligence, Govt. of India (1938) and Inspector-General of Police, Orissa, India (1944-46).

Murray, Sir David (1849-1933) of Glasgow. Painter noted for his paintings of Scottish landscapes and Italian lakes. Elected RA 1905.

Murray, Lord George (c.1700-60). Jacobite general. Son of the Duke of Atholl. Joined the 'Young Pretender' in 1745 and was one of his generals.

Murray, Sir George (1772-1846) of Crieff. General statesman and writer. Sec. of State for the Colonies (1828-30). Was Major-General of the Ordnance till his death. Elected FRS in 1824.

Murray, Sir Horatius (1903-) General. Served with distinction in N. Africa, Sicily, Italy and France (1939-45). Commander, Commonwealth Div. in Korea (1953-54), GOC in C Scottish Commd. and Governor of Edinburgh Castle (1955-58). C in C Allied Forces, North-ern Europe (1958-61).

Murray, James (c. 1719-94) of Edinburgh. General. Became Governor of Quebec and of Minorca. Governor of Canada (1763-66).

Murray or Murray Pultney, Sir James (c. 1713-1811) of Fifeshire. (7th Baronet of Clermont). General and statesman.

Murray, James (1919-) of Isle of Arran. First Sec. (Information) British Embassy, Cairo (1949-54), Paris (1957-61). Ambassador to Rwanda and Burundi (1962-63). Consul-General, San Francisco (1970-).

Murray, Sir James Augustus Henry (1837-1915) of Denholm, nr. Hawick. Philologist and Lexicographer. The editing of the Philological Society's New English Dictionary (1879-1928) was the great work of his life.

Murray, James Dalton (1911-) of Edinburgh. Appointed British High Commissioner in Jamaica in 1965. Ambassador to Haiti (1966-).

Murray James Greig (1919-). Educated Peterhead, Aberdeen and Edinburgh. Professor of Surgery at the Univ. of London (Ret.). Produced many publications on surgery.

Murray, John (1), (1745-93) (originally McMurray) of Edinburgh. Publisher in Fleet Street, London. Published the English Review, Disraeli's Curiosities of Literature, etc.

Murray, John (2), (1778-1843), son of (1). Carried on his father's business in London. He issued the travels of Mungo Park, Belzoni, Perry, Franklin, etc.

Murray, John (3), (1808-92), son of (2). Issued the works of Livingstone, Darwin, Smiles, Smith's Dictionaries, etc.

Murray, Sir John (c. 1768-1827) 8th Baronet of Clermont. Soldier and General who distinguished himself in the Middle East.

Murray, Sir John (1841-1914), born in Canada of Scottish descent, and educated in Edinburgh. Marine biologist and oceanographer. He was one of the naturalists who made the famous voyage in the Challanger.

Murray or MORAY, Sir Robert (1600-73) of Perthshire. One of the founders of the Royal Society. Buried in Westminster Abbey.

Murray, William Parry (1892-), born in the US of Scottish parents. Physician who made a special study of anemia, and with MINOT shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1934.

MUTCH, James R. (1905-), educ. Aboyne and Aberdeen. Air Commodore (1954), Engineer Specialist Officer, Director ofTech. Training, Air Ministry (1956-59) (ret.) Was Senior Technical Staff Officer HQ Flying Training Command (1953-54).

A collector of mill toll.

MYLNE, Robert (1734-1811) of Edinburgh. Architect and engineer. Designed Blackfriars Bridge and planned the Gloucester and Berkeley Ship Canal. Elected FRS in 1767. Was surveyor of St. Paul's (1766-1811).

MYLNE, William Chadwell (1781-1863) son of Robert. Engineer, architect and surveyor. Constructed many reservoirs and bridges.

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