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Clan Auchinleck

Clan Auchinleck
Clan Auchinleck Clan Crest

Septs of Clan Auchinleck (what is a sept?)
Affleck

Clan Badge: An ear of rye proper.
Motto: Pretiosum quod utile (What is useful is valuable)

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Auchinleck Castle
Clan Auchinleck Castle

Clan Auchinleck History:
The barony of Auchinleck is in Ayrshire, and in 1300 the Laird of Auchinleck is reputed to have followed Sir William Wallace to Glasgow where he fought and slew the Northumbrian Earl Percy.

John of Aghelek, otherwise Achinfleck, is the 1st recorded of the Angus family of the name and did homage in 1306.

The origin of the name is probably descriptive of their lands ie 'auchen' seems to be applied to areas of high land separating areas of water, while 'lech' may indicate dead in the sense of barren or sterile.

The Angus Auchinlecks held the office of Hereditary armour bearers to the Earls of Crawford and lived in the tower known as Affleck near the village of Monikie. The tower passed out of the family hands but still stands to this day. The family married into the distinguished family of Boswell, through one of the daughter of Sir John Auchinleck of that Ilk, and adopted the style 'of Auchinleck'.

James Boswell the famous biographer of Samuel Johnson, was a member of this family. General Sir Claude Auchinleck was commander in chief in India in 1941 when Winston Churchill assigned him to lead the Allied offensive in the western desert of Egypt and India.

He led the British Eighth Army at the first Battle of El Alamein in 1942. The battle was indecisive and Auchinleck was replaced by Field Marshal Montgomery.

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Clan Auchinleck Arms
Arms: Argent, three bars sable.
Crest: An ear of rye proper.
Supporters:
Motto: Pretiosum quod utile (What is useful is valuable)

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What is a Sept
In Scotland, a sept is often a family that is absorbed into a larger Scottish clan for mutual benefit. For example, the Burns family sept was absorbed into the Clan Campbell. The Burns family, being very small and of questionable heritage, gained legitimacy and protection; the Campbell clan absorbed a potential rival for British affection in Scotland. Each Scottish clan typically has a number of septs, each with its own surname. Septs have rights to wear clan tartans although they often have tartans of their own.

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